Japanese dictionary & Nihongo study tool.
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あう, 会う, 逢う, 遭う, 遇う
Godan verb, Intransitive, 逢う is often used for close friends, etc. and may be associated with drama or pathos; 遭う may have an undesirable nuance
1. to meet, to encounter, to see
Usually in kana, esp. 遭う when in kanji
2. to have an accident, to have a bad experience
See more > common
, 蒼, 碧, あお
May take 'no'
1. blue, azure
mostly in compound words and in ref. to fruits, plants and traffic lights
2. green
See 青信号・1, Abbreviation
3. green light (traffic)
See 青毛
4. black (horse coat color)
See あおたん, hanafuda
5. blue 5-point card
See more > common
青い, 蒼い, 碧い, あおい
1. blue, azure
mostly arch. or in ref. to fruits, vegetables and traffic lights, etc.
2. green
Only 青い, Only 蒼い, in ref. to facial colour
3. pale, gray, grey
4. unripe, inexperienced
See more > common
, 紅, 朱, 緋, あか
May take 'no'
1. red, crimson, scarlet
2. red-containing colour (e.g. brown, pink, orange)
Colloquialism, often written as アカ
3. Red (i.e. communist)
See 赤信号・1, Abbreviation
4. red light (traffic)
See 赤字・1, See 赤字・2
5. red ink (i.e. in finance or proof-reading), (in) the red
See more > common
赤い, 紅い, 朱い, 緋い, 赭い, 丹い, あかい
紅い is esp. for scarlet
1. red, crimson, scarlet, vermilion, vermillion, communist
2. beautiful
See more > common
明るい, あかるい
1. light, well-lit, well-lighted
2. bright (of a colour), brightly-coloured, brightly-colored
3. cheerful, spirited, sunny (e.g. disposition)
4. encouraging (for the future of a project, etc.), promising, of fair prospects
as 〜に明るい
5. familiar (with), knowledgeable (about), well versed (in)
See more > common
, あき
autumn, fall
See more > common
開く, 空く, 明く, あく
Godan verb, Intransitive, esp. 開く
1. to open (e.g. doors)
2. to open (e.g. business, etc.)
esp. 空く
3. to be empty
4. to be vacant, to be available, to be free
esp. 明く
5. to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.)
See more > common
開ける, 空ける, 明ける, あける
Only 開ける, Ichidan verb, Transitive
1. to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock
2. to open (for business, etc.)
esp. 空ける
3. to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room
4. to move out, to clear out
5. to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily)
See more > common
あげる, 上げる, 挙げる, 揚げる
Ichidan verb, Transitive, See 手を挙げる・1
1. to raise, to elevate
See 髪を上げる
2. to do up (one's hair)
3. to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.)
4. to land (a boat)
Only 揚げる
5. to deep-fry
See more > common
, 晨, あさ, あした
1. morning
Only あさ
2. breakfast
Only 朝, Only あした, Archaism
3. next morning
See more > common
朝ご飯, 朝ごはん, 朝御飯, あさごはん
See more > common
明後日, あさって, みょうごにち
1. day after tomorrow
Only あさって, May take 'no', See あさっての方を向く
2. wrong (e.g. direction)
See more > common
, 脚, 肢, あし
esp. 足
1. foot, paw, arm (of an octopus, squid, etc.)
esp. 脚, 肢
2. leg
3. gait
4. pace
usu. 脚
5. bottom structural component (i.e. radical) of a kanji
See more > common
明日, あした, あす, みょうにち
1. tomorrow
Only あす
2. near future
See more > common
あそこ, 彼処, 彼所, あすこ, かしこ, アソコ, あしこ, あこ
Pronoun, See どこ・1, See ここ・1, See そこ・1, Usually in kana, place physically distant from both speaker and listener
1. there, over there, that place, yonder, you-know-where
Only あそこ, Only あすこ, Only アソコ, Colloquialism, euphemistic
2. genitals, private parts, nether regions
See あれほど, something psychologically distant from both speaker and listener
3. that far, that much, that point
See more > common
遊ぶ, あそぶ, あすぶ
Godan verb, Intransitive
1. to play (games, sports), to enjoy oneself, to have a good time
2. to mess about (with alcohol, gambling, philandery, etc.)
3. to be idle, to do nothing, to be unused
4. to meet up (with friends), to hang out
5. to give oneself up (to gambling, drinking, etc.)
See more > common
暖かい, 温かい, 暖い, あたたかい, あったかい
暖かい usu. refers to air temperature
1. warm, mild, (pleasantly) hot
Only 温かい
2. considerate, kind, genial
Only 暖かい
3. warm (of a colour), mellow
4. having enough money
See more > common
, あたま, かしら
1. head
2. hair (on one's head)
Only あたま
3. mind, brains, intellect
4. leader, chief, boss, captain
5. top, tip
See more > common
新しい, 新らしい, あたらしい
new, novel, fresh, recent, latest, up-to-date, modern
See more > common
あちら, 彼方, あっち, あち
Pronoun, See こちら・1, See そちら・1, See どちら・1, Usually in kana, direction distant from both speaker and listener
1. that way, that direction, over there, yonder
something physically distant from both speaker and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener
2. that (one)
someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known by both speaker and listener. あちら is polite
3. that person, foreign country (esp. a Western nation)
暑い, あつい
Antonym: 寒い・1
1. hot, warm, sultry, heated
2. passionate, impassioned, burning (desire, etc.)
3. on everybody's mind, on the radar, du jour, interested (gaze, etc.)
See more > common
熱い, あつい
Antonym: 冷たい・1
1. hot (to the touch)
Antonym: 冷たい・2
2. passionate (feelings, etc.), ardent, hot (e.g. gaze)
3. hot (e.g. temper)
4. zealous, enthusiastic, fired up
5. intense, severe, extreme
See more > common
厚い, 篤い, あつい
Only 厚い
1. thick, deep, heavy
2. kind, cordial, hospitable, warm, faithful
Only 篤い
3. serious (of an illness)
4. abundant
See more > common
, あと
May take 'no', See 後ずさり
1. behind, rear
See その後
2. after, later
3. remainder, the rest
4. more (e.g. five more minutes), left
5. also, in addition
See more > common
, あに
older brother, elder brother
See more > common
, 姐, あね
older sister, elder sister
See more > common
See アパートメントハウス, Abbreviation
apartment building, apartment block, apartment house
See more > common
浴びる, あびる
Ichidan verb, Transitive
1. to dash over oneself (e.g. water), to take (e.g. shower), to bask in (e.g. the sun), to bathe in, to be flooded with (e.g. light), to be covered in
2. to suffer (e.g. an attack), to draw (e.g. criticism, attention, praise), to have heaped upon, to be showered with
See more > common
危ない, あぶない
1. dangerous, risky, hazardous, perilous, precarious
2. in danger, in jeopardy, critical, grave, at risk
3. uncertain, unreliable, insecure, unsteady, doubtful
4. close (call), narrow (escape)
5. look out!, watch out!, be careful!
See more > common
甘い, あまい
1. sweet-tasting, sweet, sugary, sugared
2. fragrant (smelling), sweet (music)
3. lightly salted, light in salt, not spicy
See 甘く見る
4. naive, overly optimistic, soft on, generous, indulgent, easy-going, lenient
5. half-hearted, not finished properly
See more > common
あまり, 余り, 餘り, あんまり
Only あまり, May take 'no', Usually in kana
1. remainder, remnant, rest, balance, surplus, remains (of a meal), leftovers
Adverb, with neg. sentence
2. (not) very, (not) much
See あまりに, See の余り・のあまり, esp. as あまりに(も)
3. too much, excessively, overly
4. extreme, great, severe, tremendous, terrible
Noun, used as a suffix
5. more than, over
See more > common
, あめ
1. rain
2. rainy day, rainy weather
See 花札
3. the November suit (in hanafuda)
See more > common
, あめ
Food term
1. (hard) candy, toffee
2. rice-sugar, sugar made from the starch of rice, potatoes, etc.
See 飴色, Abbreviation
3. amber, yellowish-brown
See more > common
洗う, あらう
Godan verb, Transitive
1. to wash, to cleanse, to rinse
2. to inquire into, to investigate
3. to purify (one's heart)
4. to lave (e.g. shore), to wash over (e.g. deck), to sweep
See more > common
歩く, あるく
Godan verb, Intransitive
to walk
See more > common
いいえ, 否, いいや, いえ, いな, いや
Interjection, Usually in kana
1. no, nay
2. well, er, why
3. you're welcome, not at all, don't mention it
See more > common
言う, 云う, 謂う, いう, ゆう
Godan verb
1. to say, to utter, to declare
2. to name, to call
Only 言う
3. to go (e.g. "the alarm went ping"), to make a noise
See more > common
, いえ
1. house, residence, dwelling
2. family, household
3. lineage, family name
See more > common
どう, 如何
Adverb, See こう・1, See そう・1, See ああ, Usually in kana
how, in what way, how about
See more > common
いく, 行く, 往く, ゆく
Godan verb, Intransitive, See 来る・1
1. to go, to move (towards), to head (towards), to leave (for)
2. to move through, to travel across, to walk along (e.g. a road)
3. to go (well, badly, etc.), to proceed, to turn out, to get along
oft. as で〜
4. to do (in a particular way), to go (with; a choice), to try
5. to pass (of time, seasons, etc.), to go by
See more > common
いくつ, 幾つ
Adverb, Usually in kana
1. how many
2. how old
See more > common
いくら, 幾ら
Adverb, Usually in kana
1. how much
Noun, used as a suffix, after a rounded number, esp. a sum of money
2. something over, and something, -odd
as いくら...〜ても, いくら...〜でも, etc.
3. however (much), no matter how
See more > common
, いけ
See more > common
医者, いしゃ
usu. as お医者さん in polite speech
doctor, physician
See more > common
椅子, 倚子, いす, イス
1. chair, stool
2. post, office, position
See more > common
忙しい, 忙がしい, いそがしい
1. busy, occupied, hectic
2. restless, hurried, fidgety
See more > common
痛い, 甚い, いたい
1. painful, sore
2. cringy, embarrassing
Suffix, See 甚く, esp. 甚い
3. exceeding
See more > common
, 1, 壱, 弌, 壹, いち
Numeric, Prefix, 壱, 弌 and 壹 are used in legal documents
1. one, 1
May take 'no', Suffix
2. best
3. first, foremost
4. beginning, start
Noun, used as a prefix, before a noun
5. a (single), one (of many)
See more > common
一日, 1日, いちにち, いちじつ
1. one day
Only いちにち, See 一日中
2. all day (long), the whole day, from morning till night
See 1日・ついたち・1
3. 1st day of the month
See more > common
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