Japanese dictionary & Nihongo learning tool. Use it online here or download an offline app
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お茶, 御茶, おちゃ
See 茶・1, Polite
1. tea (usu. green)
2. tea break (at work)
See 茶の湯
3. tea ceremony
お手洗い, 御手洗い, おてあらい
toilet, restroom, lavatory, bathroom
お父さん, 御父さん, おとうさん, おとっさん
See 父さん, Honorific or respectful
1. father, dad, papa, pa, pop, daddy, dada
2. husband
Pronoun, Colloquialism, of person older than speaker
3. you, he, him
, おとうと, てい
1. younger brother, little brother, kid brother
Only おとうと, See 義弟・1
2. brother-in-law (spouse's younger brother or younger sister's husband)
Only てい, Archaism
3. pupil, apprentice
, おとこ, おっこ
Noun, used as a prefix, See 女・おんな・1
1. man, male
2. fellow, guy, chap, bloke
3. male lover, boyfriend, man
4. manliness, manly honor, manly honour, manly reputation
男の子, 男のコ, 男の児, おとこのこ, おとこのコ
Expression, See 女の子・おんなのこ・1
1. boy, son, baby boy
See 女の子・おんなのこ・2
2. young man
一昨日, おととい, おとつい, いっさくじつ
Adverbial noun, Temporal noun (jisoumeishi)
day before yesterday
一昨年, おと年, おととし, いっさくねん
Adverbial noun, Temporal noun (jisoumeishi)
year before last
大人, おとな, だいにん
May take 'no', NA-adjective
adult, grown-up
お腹, 御腹, お中, 御中, おなか
belly, abdomen, stomach
同じ, おなじ, おんなじ
Noun or verb acting prenominally
1. same, identical, equal, uniform, equivalent, similar, common (origin), changeless, alike
Adverb, usu. part of a 'nara' conditional
2. anyway, anyhow, in either case
お兄さん, 御兄さん, おにいさん
See 兄さん・1, Honorific or respectful
1. older brother, elder brother
See 兄さん・3, vocative
2. young man, buddy, fella, laddie
お姉さん, お姐さん, 御姉さん, 御姐さん, おねえさん
See 姉さん・1, Honorific or respectful, usu. お姉さん
1. older sister, elder sister
See 姉さん・2, vocative
2. young lady
See 姉さん・3, referring to a waitress, etc.; usu. お姐さん
3. miss
See 姉さん・4, used by geisha to refer to their superiors; usu. お姐さん
4. ma'am
5. older girl
おばあさん, お祖母さん, お婆さん, 御祖母さん, 御婆さん, おばーさん
See 祖母さん・1, Usually in kana, usu. お祖母さん
1. grandmother
See 婆さん・2, usu. お婆さん
2. old woman, female senior citizen
お風呂, 御風呂, おふろ
See 風呂・1
お弁当, 御弁当, おべんとう
See 弁当
bento, Japanese box lunch
覚える, 憶える, おぼえる
Ichidan verb, Transitive
1. to memorize, to memorise, to commit to memory, to learn by heart, to bear in mind, to remember
Only 覚える
2. to learn, to pick up, to acquire
3. to feel
4. to think, to regard
おまわりさん, お巡りさん, 御巡りさん
See 巡査, Familiar language, Usually in kana
police officer
重い, おもい
Antonym: 軽い・1
1. heavy, weighty
2. heavy (feeling), depressed, gloomy, blue, uneasy
3. slow, sluggish, lumbering, ponderous, clumsy
4. important (position, responsibility, etc.), serious, grave
5. serious (punishment, illness, etc.), severe, critical
面白い, おもしろい
1. interesting, fascinating, intriguing, enthralling
2. amusing, funny, comical
3. enjoyable, fun, entertaining, pleasant, agreeable
usu. in the negative
4. good, satisfactory, favourable, desirable, encouraging
泳ぐ, 游ぐ, およぐ
Godan verb, Intransitive
to swim
降りる, 下りる, おりる
Ichidan verb, Intransitive, esp. 下りる
1. to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down
esp. 降りる
2. to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount
3. to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to fold
4. to be granted, to be issued, to be given
5. to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.)
終わる, 終る, 了わる, 卒わる, 畢わる, 竟わる, 了る, 卒る, 畢る, 竟る, おわる
Godan verb, Intransitive, Auxiliary verb
to end, to come to an end, to close, to finish
音楽, おんがく
, おんな, おみな, おうな, うみな, おな
Noun, used as a prefix, See 男・おとこ・1, can be blunt when used alone
1. female, woman, female sex
2. female lover, girlfriend, mistress, (someone's) woman
女の子, 女のコ, 女の児, おんなのこ, おんなのコ
Expression, See 男の子・おとこのこ・1
1. girl, daughter, baby girl
See 男の子・おとこのこ・2
2. young woman
外国, がいこく, そとぐに
May take 'no'
foreign country
外国人, がいこくじん
See 内国人
foreigner, foreign citizen, foreign national, alien, non-Japanese
会社, かいしゃ
1. company, corporation
2. workplace
階段, かいだん
stairs, stairway, staircase
買い物, 買物, 買いもん, かいもの, かいもん
買いもん is col.
shopping, purchased goods
買う, かう
Godan verb, Transitive, in western Japan, 買う conjugates euphonically as こうた, こうて, etc.
1. to buy, to purchase
2. to value, to have a high opinion
3. to stir, to provoke, to draw upon oneself
返す, 反す, かえす
Godan verb, Transitive, See 帰す・かえす, esp. 返す
1. to return (something), to restore, to put back
2. to turn over, to turn upside down, to overturn
3. to pay back, to retaliate, to reciprocate
4. to respond (with), to retort, to reply, to say back
Auxiliary verb, after the -masu stem of a verb
5. to do ... back (e.g. speak back, throw back)
帰る, 還る, 歸る, かえる
Godan verb, Intransitive, See 返る・1
1. to return, to come home, to go home, to go back
of a guest, customer, etc.
2. to leave
Baseball term
3. to get home, to get to home plate
書く, かく
Godan verb, Transitive
1. to write, to compose, to pen
See 描く・かく・1
2. to draw, to paint
学生, がくせい
student (esp. a university student)
, かさ
1. umbrella, parasol
See 笠・かさ・2
2. something shaped like an umbrella or a conical hat, shade (of a lamp), mushroom cap, pileus
貸す, 藉す, かす
Godan verb, Transitive
1. to lend, to loan
2. to rent out, to hire out
, かぜ
1. wind, breeze, draught, draft
Noun, used as a prefix, See 風・ふう・1
2. manner, behaviour, behavior
See 風邪・かぜ, irreg. kanji form
3. cold, influenza
風邪, かぜ, ふうじゃ
(common) cold, influenza, flu, ague, inflammatory respiratory system illness (in general)
家族, かぞく
May take 'no'
family, members of a family
, かた
also ほう
1. direction, way
Honorific or respectful
2. person, lady, gentleman
Noun, used as a suffix
3. method of, manner of, way of
4. care of ...
also がた
5. person in charge of ...
学校, 學校, がっこう
See コップ
cup (drinking vessel, measure, brassiere, prize, etc.)
家庭, かてい
May take 'no'
home, family, household
, かど
1. corner, edge
2. (street) corner, turning
3. rough edges (of one's character, words, etc.), abrasiveness, harshness, sharpness
花瓶, 花びん, かびん, はながめ, かへい
(flower) vase
, かみ
カメラ, キャメラ
火曜日, かようび
Adverbial noun, Temporal noun (jisoumeishi)
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The words and kanji on this web site come from the amazing dictionary files JMDict, EDICT and KANJIDIC. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group , and are used in conformance with the Group's licence. The example sentences come from the projects Tatoeba and Tanaka Corpus. Kanji search by radicals is based on the Kradfile2 and Kradfile-u files containing radical decomposition of 13108 Japanese characters. Many thanks to all the people involved in those projects!