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あう, 会う, 逢う, 遭う, 遇う
Godan verb, Intransitive, 逢う is often used for close friends, etc. and may be associated with drama or pathos; 遭う may have an undesirable nuance
1. to meet, to encounter, to see
Usually in kana, esp. 遭う when in kanji
2. to have an accident, to have a bad experience
, 蒼, 碧, あお
May take 'no'
1. blue, azure
mostly in compound words and in ref. to fruits, plants and traffic lights
2. green
See 青信号・1, Abbreviation
3. green light (traffic)
See 青毛
4. black (horse coat color)
See あおたん, hanafuda
5. blue 5-point card
青い, 蒼い, 碧い, あおい
1. blue, azure
mostly arch. or in ref. to fruits, vegetables and traffic lights, etc.
2. green
Only 青い, Only 蒼い, in ref. to facial colour
3. pale, gray, grey
4. unripe, inexperienced
, 紅, 朱, 緋, あか
1. red, crimson, scarlet
2. red-containing colour (e.g. brown, pink, orange)
Colloquialism, often written as アカ
3. Red (i.e. communist)
See 赤信号・1, Abbreviation
4. red light (traffic)
See 赤字・1, See 赤字・2
5. red ink (i.e. in finance or proof-reading), (in) the red
赤い, 紅い, 朱い, 緋い, 赭い, 丹い, あかい
紅い is esp. for scarlet
1. red, crimson, scarlet, vermilion, vermillion
2. Red, communist
3. beautiful
明るい, 明い, あかるい
1. light, well-lit, well-lighted
2. bright (of a colour), brightly-coloured, brightly-colored
3. cheerful, bright, spirited, sunny (e.g. disposition)
4. encouraging (for the future of a project, etc.), promising, of fair prospects
as 〜に明るい
5. familiar (with), knowledgeable (about), well versed (in)
, あき
Temporal noun (jisoumeishi)
autumn, fall
開く, 空く, 明く, あく
Godan verb, Intransitive, esp. 開く
1. to open (e.g. doors)
2. to open (e.g. business, etc.)
esp. 空く
3. to be empty
4. to be vacant, to be available, to be free
esp. 明く
5. to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.)
開ける, 空ける, 明ける, あける
Only 開ける, Ichidan verb, Transitive
1. to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock
2. to open (for business, etc.)
esp. 空ける
3. to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room
4. to move out, to clear out
5. to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily)
あげる, 上げる, 挙げる, 揚げる
Ichidan verb, Transitive, See 手を挙げる・1
1. to raise, to elevate
See 髪を上げる
2. to do up (one's hair)
3. to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.)
4. to land (a boat)
Only 揚げる
5. to deep-fry
, 晨, あさ, あした
Temporal noun (jisoumeishi)
1. morning
Only あさ
2. breakfast
Only 朝, Only あした, Archaism
3. next morning
朝ご飯, 朝ごはん, 朝御飯, あさごはん
明後日, あさって, みょうごにち
Adverbial noun, Temporal noun (jisoumeishi)
day after tomorrow
, 脚, 肢, あし
esp. 足
1. foot, paw, arm (of an octopus, squid, etc.)
esp. 脚,肢
2. leg
3. gait
4. pace
usu. 脚
5. bottom structural component (i.e. radical) of a kanji
明日, あした, あす, みょうにち
Temporal noun (jisoumeishi)
1. tomorrow
Only あす
2. near future
あそこ, 彼処, 彼所, あすこ, かしこ, アソコ, あしこ, あこ
Pronoun, See どこ・1, See ここ・1, See そこ・1, Usually in kana
1. there (place physically distant from both speaker and listener), over there, that place, yonder, you-know-where
Only あそこ, Only あすこ, Only アソコ, Colloquialism
2. genitals, private parts, nether regions
See あれほど
3. that far (something psychologically distant from both speaker and listener), that much, that point
遊ぶ, あそぶ, あすぶ
Godan verb, Intransitive
1. to play (games, sports), to enjoy oneself, to have a good time
2. to mess about (with alcohol, gambling, philandery, etc.)
3. to be idle, to do nothing, to be unused
4. to meet up (with friends), to hang out
5. to give oneself up (to gambling, drinking, etc.)
暖かい, 温かい, 暖い, あたたかい, あったかい
暖かい usu. refers to air temperature
1. warm, mild, (pleasantly) hot
Only 温かい
2. considerate, kind, genial
Only 暖かい
3. warm (of a colour), mellow
4. having enough money
, あたま, かしら
1. head
2. hair (on one's head)
Only あたま
3. mind, brains, intellect
4. leader, chief, boss, captain
5. top, tip
新しい, 新らしい, あたらしい
new, novel, fresh, recent, latest, up-to-date, modern
あちら, 彼方, あっち, あち
Pronoun, See 何方・どちら・1, See 此方・こちら・1, See 其方・1, Usually in kana
1. that way (direction distant from both speaker and listener), over there, yonder
2. that one (something physically distant from both speaker and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener), that
あちら is polite
3. that person (someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known by both speaker and listener)
4. there (place distant from both speaker and listener), over there, foreign country (esp. a Western nation)
暑い, あつい
Antonym: 寒い
1. hot, warm, sultry, heated
2. passionate, impassioned, burning (desire, etc.)
3. on everybody's mind, on the radar, du jour, interested (gaze, etc.)
熱い, あつい
Antonym: 冷たい・1
1. hot (thing)
Antonym: 冷たい・2
2. passionate (feelings, etc.), ardent, hot (e.g. gaze)
3. hot (e.g. temper)
4. zealous, enthusiastic, fired up
5. intense, severe, extreme
厚い, 篤い, あつい
Only 厚い
1. thick, deep, heavy
2. kind, cordial, hospitable, warm, faithful
Only 篤い
3. serious (of an illness)
4. abundant
, あと
May take 'no', See 後ずさり
1. behind, rear
See その後
2. after, later
3. remainder, the rest
Adverbial noun
4. more (e.g. five more minutes), left
5. also, in addition
, あに
older brother, elder brother
, 姐, あね
older sister, elder sister
See アパートメントハウス, Abbreviation
1. apartment building, apartment block, apartment house
See アパートメント
2. apartment
浴びる, あびる
Ichidan verb, Transitive
1. to dash over oneself (e.g. water), to take (e.g. shower), to bask in (e.g. the sun), to bathe in, to be flooded with (e.g. light), to be covered in
2. to suffer (e.g. an attack), to draw (e.g. criticism, attention, praise), to have heaped upon, to be showered with
危ない, あぶない
1. dangerous, risky, hazardous, perilous, precarious
2. in danger, in jeopardy, critical, grave, at risk
3. uncertain, unreliable, insecure, unsteady, doubtful
4. close (call), narrow (escape)
甘い, あまい
1. sweet-tasting, sweet, sugary, sugared
2. fragrant (smelling), sweet (music)
3. lightly salted, light in salt, not spicy
See 甘く見る
4. naive, overly optimistic, soft on, generous, indulgent, easy-going, lenient
5. half-hearted, not finished properly
あまり, 余り, 餘り, あんまり
Only あまり, May take 'no', Usually in kana
1. remainder, remnant, rest, balance, surplus, remains (of a meal), leftovers
Adverb, with neg. sentence
2. (not) very, (not) much
See あまりに, See の余り・のあまり, esp. as あまりに(も)
3. too much, excessively, overly
4. extreme, great, severe, tremendous, terrible
Noun, used as a suffix
5. more than, over
, あめ
1. rain
2. rainy day, rainy weather
See 花札
3. the November suit (in hanafuda)
, あめ
Food term
1. (hard) candy, toffee
2. rice-sugar, sugar made from the starch of rice, potatoes, etc.
See 飴色, Abbreviation
3. amber, yellowish-brown
洗う, あらう
Godan verb, Transitive
1. to wash, to cleanse, to rinse
2. to inquire into, to investigate
3. to purify (one's heart)
4. to lave (e.g. shore), to wash over (e.g. deck), to sweep
歩く, あるく
Godan verb, Intransitive
to walk
いいえ, 否, いいや, いえ, いな, いや
Interjection, Usually in kana
1. no, nay
2. well, er, why
3. you're welcome, not at all, don't mention it
言う, 云う, 謂う, いう, ゆう
Godan verb
1. to say, to utter, to declare
2. to name, to call
Only 言う
3. to go (e.g. "the alarm went ping"), to make a noise
, いえ
1. house, residence, dwelling
2. family, household
3. lineage, family name
どう, 如何
Adverb, See こう・1, See そう・1, See ああ, Usually in kana
how, in what way, how about
いく, 行く, 逝く, 往く, ゆく
Godan verb, Intransitive, See 来る・くる・1
1. to go, to move (in a direction or towards a specific location), to head (towards), to be transported (towards), to reach
See 旨く行く, い sometimes omitted in auxiliary use
2. to proceed, to take place
3. to pass through, to come and go
4. to walk
Only 逝く
5. to die, to pass away
いくつ, 幾つ
Adverb, Usually in kana
1. how many?
2. how old?
いくら, 幾ら
Adverb, Usually in kana
1. how much?, how many?
2. even, even if
, いけ
医者, いしゃ
See お医者さん, お医者さん is polite
(medical) doctor, physician
椅子, 倚子, いす, イス
1. chair, stool
2. post, office, position
忙しい, 忙がしい, いそがしい
1. busy, occupied, hectic
2. restless, hurried, fidgety
痛い, 甚い, いたい
1. painful, sore
2. cringy, embarrassing
Suffix, See 甚く, esp. 甚い
3. exceeding
, 1, 壱, 弌, 壹, いち
Numeric, Prefix, 壱, 弌 and 壹 are used in legal documents
1. one
May take 'no', Suffix
2. best
3. first, foremost
4. beginning, start
Noun, used as a prefix, before a noun
5. a (single), one (of many)
一日, 1日, いちにち, いちじつ, ひとひ, ひとえ
1. one day
Adverbial noun, See 一日中・いちにちじゅう
2. all day (long), throughout the day
See ついたち・1
3. first day of the month
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The words and kanji on this web site come from the amazing dictionary files JMDict, EDICT and KANJIDIC. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group , and are used in conformance with the Group's licence. The example sentences come from the projects Tatoeba and Tanaka Corpus. Kanji search by radicals is based on the Kradfile2 and Kradfile-u files containing radical decomposition of 13108 Japanese characters. Many thanks to all the people involved in those projects!