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The Japanese grammar content is from jgram.org licensed CC BY-SA 2.0.
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条件形, えば
If you go, you'll understand.
If it's from outside, I don't mind.
Ab ~seems (of somebody else's emotions & desires)
He (looks like) he wants a new car.
たり する form, V stem+たり
doing things like V+ing
Yesterday I did things like watching tv and playing video games.
make, let someone do something
I made my daughter study
上げる, あげる
to do something for someone else
I will read this to you
(on when) doing, if
after you see ...
should do Vru
I should have studied more.
合う, あう
Vm, verb~together, mutually
I talked it out with him.
we went shopping, and ate lunch
〜中に、〜上に、〜下に、など, 〜なかに、〜うえに、〜したに、など
Talking about relative location of an object
My hat is in your car
あっと言う間, あっというま
In a flash, before one knows it, in a blink of an eye, in no time, flash by, (time) flies
Time flies when you're having fun
whether, the question of (sub sentence question)
Regardless of whether I had written it...
Vru, (negative command - sentence ending particle)
Don't do that!
方が, ほうが
(often it'd be better to do __) Such-and-such an option is something
You'd better study then.
than, rather than
Tokyo is larger than Kyoto.
seem, look like, apparently, I heard
It seems Tanaka will resign
為, ため
In order to, because of, for
I telephoned to make sure he was coming.
Is diffcult to do
He's difficult to understand, isn't he?
比べものにならない, くらべものにならない
there is no point comparing....
When we talk about speed, there is no point comparing a plane and a ship.
くらい、ぐらい (位)
to the extent that; so ~ that ~ almost ~; at least; the only ~; rather than ~
It's so warm this evening that we (almost) don't need a heater.
儘, まま
as it is, leave as it is, (remain) unchanged
I'll leave this place as it is.
〜ところ(だ) (所だ・処だ)
I am about to / I was about to
He arrived just as I was about to give up.
looks like
Seems like he's caught a cold.
'ha (wa)' used to indicate contrast
I don't eat /meat/ (but I do eat fish).
I hear that
I hear it's going to snow.
ところで (所で・処で)
by the way
by the way it looks like rain
Indicates a change which has taken place or will take place.
I came to have an interest in Japan after I went to Japan
~出す, 〜だす
Rain started to fall.
in order to, to
It takes time to learn Japanese
Turn a phrase ending in a verb into a 'noun phrase'
Getting married is such an effort!
Adds emphasis - sentence ending particle; Emphasizes personal desires
Won't it be great if we can go fishing tomorrow?
Informal Imperative (request form)
Sit down.
I wonder.. (Based on か question particle.)
I wonder if he'll be here soon?
ように言う, ようにいう
V, To say to (do something)
My doctor told me to stop drinking.
with effort
I took the trouble to go and see him, but he wasn't there
place, time, occasion
and etc.
and so on
to affect the senses (to taste, to smell of, to feel like, to give the sensation of etc.)
This room smells of gas.
? (for casual questions)
Who's it?
To be, is (formal equivalent of だ [da])
! (exclamation mark, add emphasis, denote new information being imparted)
The bus is coming!
Vm, wanting to do ___
I want to see a Bond movie!
area passed through (通過点)
I walked through the park.
(marks point of departure) 出発点
I left the room.
て形+ある (て在る・て有る), 〜てある
Vte something has been purposely put into a state
The window has been closed.
appearance, looks, seems
A sound like rain falling
て形+くる (て来る), てくる
Vte go, do something, and return
I'll go buy the newspaper (and come back)
て形+みる (て見る), てみる
to try (out)
try to read
Try to do something, but the nuance is that it was unsuccessful.
I tried to kiss her, but she said no.
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