TAKOBOTO

Japanese dictionary & Nihongo learning tool. Use it online here or download an offline app
The Japanese grammar content is from jgram.org licensed CC BY-SA 2.0.
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〜の
Turn a phrase ending in a verb into a 'noun phrase'
Getting married is such an effort!
なあ、な〜、な
Adds emphasis - sentence ending particle; Emphasizes personal desires
Won't it be great if we can go fishing tomorrow?
なさい
Informal Imperative (request form)
Sit down.
〜かな
I wonder.. (Based on か question particle.)
I wonder if he'll be here soon?
ように言う, ようにいう
V, To say to (do something)
My doctor told me to stop drinking.
せっかく
with effort
I took the trouble to go and see him, but he wasn't there
ところ
place, time, occasion
〜など
and etc.
and so on
〜反面, 〜はんめん
on the other hand
the reverse
がする
to affect the senses (to taste, to smell of, to feel like, to give the sensation of etc.)
This room smells of gas.
〜だい
? (for casual questions)
Who's it?
である
To be, is (formal equivalent of だ [da])
〜よ
! (exclamation mark, add emphasis, denote new information being imparted)
The bus is coming!
たい
Vm, wanting to do ___
I want to see a Bond movie!
〜を
area passed through (通過点)
I walked through the park.
〜を
(marks point of departure) 出発点
I left the room.
て形+ある (て在る・て有る), 〜てある
Vte something has been purposely put into a state
The window has been closed.
よう
appearance, looks, seems
A sound like rain falling
て形+くる (て来る), てくる
Vte go, do something, and return
I'll go buy the newspaper (and come back)
て形+みる (て見る), てみる
to try (out)
try to read
〜ようとする
Try to do something, but the nuance is that it was unsuccessful.
I tried to kiss her, but she said no.
出す、出して、出した, だす、だして、だした
to pay, to place, to issue, to stick out, to put forth, to serve
to pay, to place, to issue, to stick out, to put forth, to serve
ほど-2
to the extent of; to the extent that ~; (not as) ~ as ~ ; about [REL. bakari; kurai]
(Lit, I'm not strong as Lenz's extent. (=I'm not as strong as Lenz))
〜な
(particle used with na-adjectives)
What a strange man!
しまう (仕舞う・終う・了う)
Vte, (Definitely, completely [often to ones regret] do V)
Now you've gone and broke it.
予定, よてい
be planning to do~
i am planning to go back to my country at the end of june
気になる, きになる
thinking about, concerned about, worried about
I was worried about my father's health.
わざとらしい
fake, pretending
it seems like he is faking his injury
〜おうとすると
A voluntary action stopped just before being completed
I was about to go out when the phone rang.
-方, -かた
how to _____, way to _____,
teach me how to write this kanji
なる
Used much like the な of na-adjectives - somewhat archaic.
With my sacred sword I shall smite thee!
にする
To decide on, to choose
Let's make it Sunday.
て形+いる (て居る), 〜ている
Vte (Continuing states, experience, repetative events)/ doing currently
The window is open.
なし
without
without a coat on
ずに
without
i went without eating
ことにする
Decide to do something
I have decided to go to Japan this year.
とても〜ない
Can`t possibly
There is so much (food) that I can`t possibly eat it all
のだ
explanation
explanation
ことになる
it has been decided/arranged that
It has been decided that I will work in Tokyo
までに
by __[day, date, time, etc.]__
Turn in the report by Friday.
なければなりません
must ____; really should _____; it won't do if you don't ____.
You must use the large envelope.
かしら。
I wonder if... (A type of question mark)
Is she the ikebana teacher?
どうしても
absolutely, surely, by all means, no matter what, at any cost; after all
No matter what I did, Tom wouldn't do what I told him.
ことで
by doing this (meant to highlight a method or means)
By listening to Japanese music, you will become better.
と同様, とどうよう
the same way as, as well as
大都市と同様、地方でも交通事故が増えている
ということですね (と云う事ですね)
your message is that ...
you are coming to tokyo tomorrow,right?
〜のような (〜の様な)
just like, alike to, similar to
Kanojo wa marude tori no you ni tonde imasu = she's flying just like a bird! (tonde imasu= flying, tobimasu- fly)
かい。
(A type of question mark)
Will you go as far as Kita Senju?
~上げる, あげる
Something has just been finished
I finally finished writing my paper
筈, はず
believe that it is so; expect that it is so; it is supposed to be so
I expected him to come, but ...
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