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Edit  dc
commensurate with, accordance with, depending on
exercise according to your fitness level
Edit  dc
See also
Money supply - the volume of money in the world - will, dependent on the size of economic activity, grow and shrink.
Edit  #479 Amatuka
The consumption of petrol is dependent on your driving speed.
Edit  #1205 dc
I attended the dinner at his invitation.
Edit  #8341 karekano
We will pay you according to the amount of work you do.
Edit  #8342 karekano
They graded the apples as to size a shape.
Edit  #8343 karekano
We serve how many goods we produce depending on the demand of all the people.
Edit  #6735 赤毛
Discussion and comments
に応じて]has these meanings,
[depending on], [in accordance with], [in answer to].

体力に応じて(depending on)
Depending on your physical fitness,change your running speed.

命令に応じて(in accordance with)
We changed the plan in accordance with boss's instructions.

質問に応じて(in answer to)
She said that in answer to his question.

noun + nioujite

when with adjectives, you add -sa after the adjective to turn it into a type of noun.
高い high
→高さ high-ness/height

高<b>さ</b>に応じて depending on your height
速<b>さ</b>に応じて depending on your speed

This is for true adjectives, which are mostly "na" adjectives. for "-i" adjectives, you often can't use -sa as they dont turn into nouns.

See <a href=http://www.timwerx.net/language/jpadj/lesson1.htm>this page</a> for an explanation on true/quasi na/i adjectives.
に応じて is for things that vary

depending on (noun/variable item),
change (verb)

depending on (your strength),
change (the way you you exercise)

depending on (your driving speed),
it will change (your gas consumption)

of course being japanese the sentence order is backward

(noun/variable) ni oujite, (verb)
(体力) に応じて (運動する)
As far as I can see the questions are
1. Should に応じた have a separate entry?
2. Is there a significant difference in meaning between に応じた and に応じて?
Does anybody have anything to add on those points?
I'm tempted to say 'No, and No' for an easy life ;-)
When 「に応じた」and 「に応じて」are reaplced by each, the examples are still correct Japanese and mean almost the same.
OK, I'm changing this to just -1 (from -3) as there doesn't seem to be any real problem here.
When using に応じた it modifies the following noun. E.g. The literal translation of the second example would be...
"Don't over exert yourself, do the exercise that is commensurate to your physical strength."
(e.g. 'exercise' (noun) is modified by (commensurate to your physical strength)).
This would probably be clearer with a different example.
Sometimes a better translation of 応じて could be "commensurate with."
I'll go along with that. It's a better match to the verb tense に応じた for the second example.
wow. thats a long english word too! maybe it makes it more memorable for this grammar example...
Shouldn't the verb in the last example (#1205) be 縲悟、峨o繧九?絞nstead of 縲御サ」繧上k縲??
That turned out weird on my screen. What I meant to say was... In example #1205, shouldn't the verb be 「変わる」 Instead of 「代わる」??
I agree.
changed... btw anyone can edit the examples, so please do. (unless we have a bug, in which case let us know)
Is there a difference between に応じて and によって? Would I be able to say:
[We'll]Investigate the patent depending on it's value.
応じて has the connotation that the speaker has the discretion of applying his yardstick as to the value, whereas によって has the connotation of taking the value that has been set.
I don`t want to sound like a redneck or anything, but I have spoken english my whole life and this is the first time I have seen commensurate. I`m sure its meaning matches very well with you examples, but using uncommon english is just as good as translating english in to archaic Japanese. even if you know what your saying no one else will.
Well, I'm sure the second time you saw it, after having looked it up, you understood. Better to raise the bar for yourself than lower it for those who can't understand "archaic" English. ;)

1. having the same measure; of equal extent or duration.
2. corresponding in amount, magnitude, or degree: Your paycheck should be commensurate with the amount of time worked.
3. proportionate; adequate.
4. having a common measure; commensurable.

It's not just the meaning of the word, but also its usage. Just as you might not find commensurate in English vernacular, you won't find に応じて flying out of the mouth of a high school kid in Japan.
I disagree - に応じて is as common with the high school kids in Japan as "according to" or "depending on" is with kids in the good old U.S of A.

"raise the bar" for what - so japs using this site can become frustrated when nobody understands what they are talking about.

tigert is correct, you should delete "commensurate" and replace it with "according to".
I can't speak for the US, but 'commensurate with' is fairly common in British/Irish English, particularly in job advertisements/interviews. In fact, I use it in the latter to dodge naming a figure when asked about salary expectations! Saying "I'd expect a salary commensurate with my experience" makes you sound intelligent too, another bonus in that situation!
I'm not even a native English speaker and I've seen "commensurate" a lot in job advertisements/contracts.