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nani
JLPT N4
Edit  Amatuka
なに
Meaning
What
What will you have?
Edit  Amatuka
Formation
Phrases
なににしますか。
What will you have?
Edit  #700 Amatuka
なにのようですか。
What is your business (here / with me) ?
Edit  #701 Amatuka
このはなはえいごでなに(なん)といいますか。
What do you call this flower in English?
Edit  #4868 Miki
このはこのなかになにがあるのか。
What is in this box?
Edit  #4869 Miki
あなたのすきなたべものはなにですか。
What is your favourite food?
Edit  #4870 Miki
おなまえはなにですか。
What is your name?
Edit  #4871 Miki
あれはなにですかなんあれはなんですか。
What is that?
Edit  #4872 Miki
あなたがほんとうにいいたいことはなにですか。
What is it that you really want to say?
Edit  #4873 Miki
なにをみましたか。
What did you see?
Edit  #8630 Sakuratree
Discussion and comments
Use nan before b, p, d, t, n, r, and z. Use nani before all other letters.
izumichan31
Nan and Nani

Generally nan, or nani is used for which ever flows better.
However, Nani is used when wanting to be more polite and formal.
Other situations may require getting a feel for using nan versus nani, or memorization.

In general, if the following word begins with a syllable from the t, n, and d groups. Nan is used.

Common usages:
Nan is used before particles [no]/の, [de]/で and verb da/desu.

Nani is used Before [ka]/か and [ni]/に,

If nan was used before ka/か, it would sound like the word nanka, which means "things like" or "something like that" which is also considered rude.
Nanika is instead used. Both nanka and nanika mean "something", but nanika is polite.

If nan was used in the case of ni/に, it would produce nanni なんに. This sounds similar to nannimo なんにも, which means "nothing at all".
Generally mo/も、to indicate nothing, or absence. This could confuse a listener, waiting for a [mo] to be uttered.
Rinji_HalfElf
Note that 何 will be either なに or なん depending on where it is used.
Amatuka
instead of anatano namae wa nan desuka I think it is more ploite to say onamae wa nandesuka
simbauk
Ex 4870/71 the use of あなた seems odd to me as it seems to be trying to impose unnecessary and perhaps misleading English style on Japanese but I am not a native J-speaker and am a novice - any comments from native speakers?
walter