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JLPT N1 Author: LR
In examples such as "Without A, I can't do B" where, without Action A, there is no possibility of B
If you don't obtain the permission of the teacher in charge, you cannot change your registered classes
See also
Without the permission of the teacher in charge, you may not change your registered classes.
#7859 Author: LR

The foreign minister said "a relationship built on genuine mutual understanding means that without solving the territorial dispute and completing the peace treaty, we cannot secure construction works"
#7860 Author: LR

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