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すぎる
sugiru
JLPT N3
Edit  ness
Meaning
too; too much; excessively
This problem is too difficult for me
Edit  ness
Formation
Phrases
そのひとはちょっとたべすぎましたね。
That person ate a little too much.
Edit  #5708 Ness
このりんごはあますぎて、たべられない。
This apple is too sweet to eat.
Edit  #5709 Ness
あそこはすこしたかすぎるとおもいます。
I'm afraid that place is a little too expensive.
Edit  #5710 Miki
あのおとこはおしゃべりすぎる。
He talks too much.
Edit  #5711 Miki
いまからではおそすぎる。
It's too late now.
Edit  #5712 Miki
このイスはわたしにはひくすぎる。
This chair is too low for me.
Edit  #5713 Miki
このウイスキーはつよすぎる。
This whisky is too strong.
Edit  #5714 Miki
このカレーはからすぎる。
This curry is too hot.
Edit  #5715 Miki
このズボンはわたしにははですぎる。
These pants are too fancy for me.
Edit  #5716 Miki
このもんだいはたんじゅんすぎる。
This problem is too simple.
Edit  #5717 Miki
かれはあめをたべすぎます。
He eats too much candy.
Edit  #8636 Sakuratree
Discussion and comments
added to Verbs: Conjunctive form of Verb
(行く-->行き;食べる-->食べ) + すぎる
add to Adjectives: Root of Adjective
(むずかしい-->むすかし;大きい-->大き)+ すぎる

This construction can mean "too much," as in,
むずかしすぎる (too hard); 大きすぎる (too big) or it can mean "excessively," as in, 行きすぎる (to go too much); 食べすぎる (to eat too much).
Ness
With the examples here it would seem that

tabesugiru = eat too much
hanashisugiru = talk too much.

Could anyone explain why 'hanashisugiru' means 'talk too much' but 'hayaku hanashisugiru' means 'speak too quickly'?

From my understanding, I would have said that 'ano hito ha hayaku hanashisugimasu' translates as 'That person quickly speaks too much'.
bi-ru
To me, "that person quickly speaks too much" doesn't make much sense. hayaku hanashisugiru means "speak too quickly" because hayaku is an adverb. Thus, it becomes hayakuhanasu + sugiru (speaks quickly + too much) = speaks too quickly
Ness
Ah thanks Ness, it does make sense. I guess I'm thinking too much in English where it is speak [too quickly] rather than quickly speak [too much]. So I kept thinking I had to write something like hayasugite hanasu...
bi-ru
ex #5711 in Japanese means "He talks too much."
bamboo4
Corrected. Thank you bamboo4
Miki
hayaku hanashisugiru could also be "to speak too soon" although I doubt it has the same colloquial meaning as in english.
Matt
sugiru is level 3 grammar point.its not in level 4
ramu
what if it is a na adjective? how do you add the sugiru then?
Burcksan
^ Yeah, I'd like to know this, too!
Himiko
na adjective is きれいな、元気な、ひまな correct? We don't say like きれいな過ぎる.
きれい過ぎる too beautiful 元気すぎる 暇すぎる ... sounds negative
とてもきれいな very beautiful とても元気な とても暇
Miki
One would not normally say "hanashisugiru" but would say "shaberisugiru" (しゃべり過ぎる)as in the example.
bambo4
It should be noted that you don't use the kanji for 〜すぎる because it is an auxiliary verb in this construct, and one should not use kanji for auxiliary verbs. Similarly, one does not say 食べて来た nor 読んで行った, but rather 食べてきた and 読んでいった.
TheoMurpse
Also, directed at Burcksan, 派手 is a na-adjective, so just look at ex #5716 for the answer.
TheoMurpse
I've been thinking about the "sugiru" issue for quite some time. And, talking to some native speakers, I was told that when expressing something like "to talk too fast", constructions like "早すぎて話す" are not quite possible and I was also told that things like あの人は早く話しぎる do mean “That person quickly speaks too much”, like bi-ru just said. So, to express the idea of talking too fast, the best construction would be something like 話すのが早すぎる. I would like to see some replies to this, thanks.
phbotelho
phbotelho: I think you're right.
While "早すぎて話す" is a bit odd and "早く話しすぎる" technically permissable, I think "話すのが早すぎる" feels the most natural. I'm not a native speaker though, so any native input on this?
At any rate, Google seems to back this up with the three phrases giving me 0, 32, and 2500 hits respectively, the latter being a roughly comparable number to the hits for the English "speaks too quickly".
mochabean