Japanese dictionary & Nihongo learning tool. Use it online here or
download an offline app
The Japanese grammar content is from jgram.org licensed
CC BY-SA 2.0
and so on
He says he is above failure.
#256 Author: Amatuka
I can play baseball, tennis, volleyball,
and so on
#257 Author: Amatuka
Mum, I want you to buy apple juice, coca cola, tea
and things like that.
#3218 Author: tamago ouji, Miki
I bought pencils, pens, erasers and books
#5930 Author: kappamaki
They ask about my age, my name, my nationality and so on.
#6654 Author: burakkuneko
Discussion and comments
Show comments >
など, which means 'et cetera', 'and so on', is similar to and can be used in conjunction with や, but is generally used to conclude a list of examples, or samples of a potentially larger list.
Could など be used after a series of も instead of や?. For example "He stole money, the credit cards, a watch, and other things". お金もクレジットカ−ドも時計も服など盗んだ
I think など, like なんて, can also indicates that the speaker is shocked or outraged. I think it's the case in this sentence: かよわいものから りゃくだつなど！
Apple juice is りんごジュース or アップルジュース.
Ex.3218: Isnﾂｴt apple :ringo?
In the first example 'and such like' may be implied, but nado is often used in this way without necessarily literally meaning 'and so on', I think maybe it makes the sentence less rigidly precise.
The second example is the standard 'list' usage. The particle 'ya' can be used in place of the commas.
等、、、 is also used as english "etc..."
なんか and なんて have the same meaning but are colloquial terms. Another usage of those three is when you don't think much of something or contem something.
The words and kanji on this web site come from the amazing dictionary files
. These files are the property of the
Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group
, and are used in conformance with the Group's
. The example sentences come from the projects
. Kanji search by radicals is based on the
Kradfile2 and Kradfile-u
files containing radical decomposition of 13108 Japanese characters. Many thanks to all the people involved in those projects!