Japanese dictionary & Nihongo study tool.
The Japanese grammar content is from jgram.org licensed CC BY-SA 2.0.
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〜が
but
I know him but we've never met.
〜に
(location marker, time marker, direction marker)
There's a dog in that car.
いくら (幾等)
how much
How much is a postcard?
〜で
by means of, by, [action] at a place
I came by car.
〜が
(subject marker)
There is a television in the kitchen.
何, なに
What
What will you have?
まで
till, to
Opening hours are 9am to 5pm.
〜を
'object marker' (also shown as 'o') 目的
That [←marked by object marker] please.
〜も
also
This is also mine
てから
after
From 9 to 5.
〜の
's, of
Fred's car. / Dixon of Dock Green
から
because
〜たい
I want to (verb)
netai: I want to sleep
これ(此・是・之・惟)、それ(其), あれ(彼), これ, それ, あれ
this, that, the other
this is mine, that is yours and the other is anybody's guess.
より
more ____
Don't you know a better method?
前に, まえに
before [action]
before going to the UK
ばかり
just (just recently) / nothing but
I just bought it / you do nothing but play around
〜ね
isn't it?
Isn't this nice!
ないように
to avoid
to avoid; to prevent
〜だ
The 'copula' : expresses conditions. X is Y.
I'm English.
少し, すこし
a bit...
A bit cold
すぎる
too; too much; excessively
This problem is too difficult for me
たり する form, V stem+たり
doing things like V+ing
Yesterday I did things like watching tv and playing video games.
そう
Looks like
Looks like snow will fall
がる
to seems ~ (of somebody else's emotions & desires), to show sign of ~, to appear ~
He (looks like) he wants a new car.
〜始める, 〜はじめる
to begin/start VERB-ing
I started reading yesterday.
〜は
'topic marker' (also shown as 'wa')
X wa Y desu : X is Y
なので
since
since this is secret
〜に
to, from (indirect object marker)
I was given this by my mother.
〜も
(with -ve) neither ... nor , also not, either
That isn't mine either.
どうして
why?, what for?
Why didn't you come?
けれども
but, however
It rained, but everybody enjoyed themselves.
でも
but
I'd like to make it easier to use but still not use frames.
〜か
? (basic question particle)
Is this your book?
〜へ
indicates direction of verb. Also pronounced 'e'
I will go abroad next year.
ので
because, and
〜など
and etc.
and so on
ないで
without
"I went to school without eating breakfast."
つもり (積もり・積り)
One's intention; conviction; belief
I intend to do that; I am convinced that ...
欲しい, ほしい
to want something (desirative)
I want a car.
頂きます, いただきます
to receive
から〜まで
from ... until
from spring until autumn
しかし (然し・併し)
However, but
But now things have changed a lot.
以上, いじょう
exceeding, above
More than two hours
を中心に, をちゅうしんに
center on, in the middle of
the center of our discussion
〜時, 〜とき
when
when i was in japan
として
as; in the capacity of
I'm using this room as a storeroom.
に反して, にはんして
against, contrary to
contrary to expectations
〜なのに
but, although (contrast, surprising)
It's summer but it's cold.
がち
tend to
he tends to be late
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