I know him but we've never met.
(location marker, time marker, direction marker)
There's a dog in that car.
How much is a postcard?
by means of, by, [action] at a place
I came by car.
There is a television in the kitchen.
What will you have?
Opening hours are 9am to 5pm.
'object marker' (also shown as 'o') 目的
That [←marked by object marker] please.
Fred's car. / Dixon of Dock Green
I want to (verb)
netai: I want to sleep
これ(此・是・之・惟)、それ(其), あれ(彼), これ, それ, あれ
this, that, the other
this is mine, that is yours and the other is anybody's guess.
Don't you know a better method?
before going to the UK
just (just recently) / nothing but
I just bought it / you do nothing but play around
Isn't this nice!
to avoid; to prevent
The 'copula' : expresses conditions. X is Y.
A bit cold
too; too much; excessively
This problem is too difficult for me
たり する form, V stem+たり
doing things like V+ing
Yesterday I did things like watching tv and playing video games.
Looks like snow will fall
to seems ~ (of somebody else's emotions & desires), to show sign of ~, to appear ~
He (looks like) he wants a new car.
to begin/start VERB-ing
I started reading yesterday.
'topic marker' (also shown as 'wa')
X wa Y desu : X is Y
since this is secret
to, from (indirect object marker)
I was given this by my mother.
(with -ve) neither ... nor , also not, either
That isn't mine either.
why?, what for?
Why didn't you come?
It rained, but everybody enjoyed themselves.
I'd like to make it easier to use but still not use frames.
? (basic question particle)
Is this your book?
indicates direction of verb. Also pronounced 'e'
I will go abroad next year.
"I went to school without eating breakfast."
One's intention; conviction; belief
I intend to do that; I am convinced that ...
to want something (desirative)
I want a car.
from ... until
from spring until autumn
But now things have changed a lot.
More than two hours
center on, in the middle of
the center of our discussion
when i was in japan
against, contrary to
contrary to expectations
but, although (contrast, surprising)
It's summer but it's cold.
he tends to be late
It does not (necessarily) mean that 〜; I don't mean that 〜; It is not (true) that 〜; It is not the case that 〜
It doesn't necessarily mean he understood.