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See also: からして・1
See also: として・1
See also: にして・1
See also: 為る・1
by (indicating means of action), as (a group, etc.)

as 〜をして in modern Japanese
indicates patient of a causative expression

after the ren'youkei form of an adjective
acts as a connective

after an adverb or a particle
adds emphasis

See also: そして
and then

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The words and kanji on this web site come from the amazing dictionary files JMDict, EDICT and KANJIDIC. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group , and are used in conformance with the Group's licence. The example sentences come from the projects Tatoeba and Tanaka Corpus. Kanji search by radicals is based on the Kradfile2 and Kradfile-u files containing radical decomposition of 13108 Japanese characters. Many thanks to all the people involved in those projects!