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Godan verb with 'gu' ending Transitive verb to sharpen, to hone, to whet, to grind Godan verb with 'gu' ending Transitive verb esp. 磨ぐ to wash (rice) Godan verb with 'gu' ending Transitive verb to scour, to polish, to burnish
Present, Future 研ぐ, 研ぎます [does], will [do] 研がない, 研ぎません doesn't [do], will not [do] Past 研いだ, 研ぎました [did] 研がなかった, 研ぎませんでした didn't [do] Te-form, Continuative 研いで, 研ぎまして 研がないで, 研ぎませんで 研がなくて Progressive 研いでいる, 研いでいます [doing], to be [doing] 研いでいない, 研いでいません not [doing] Volitional 研ごう, 研ぎましょう let's [do]!, I/we will [do], I/we intend to [do] 研ぐまい, 研ぎますまい I will not [do], I do not intend to [do] Imperative 研げ, 研ぎなさい [do] ! 研ぐな, 研ぎなさるな don't [do] ! Request 研いでください please [do] 研がないでください please don't [do] Provisional 研げば if X [does], if X [is ~] 研がなければ if X doesn't [do], if X [is not ~] Conditional 研いだら, 研ぎましたら if X were to [do], when X [does] 研がなかったら, 研ぎませんでしたら if X weren't to [do], when X doesn't [do] Potential 研げる, 研げます be able to [do], can [do] 研げない, 研げません not be able to [do], can't [do] Passive, Respectful 研がれる, 研がれます is [done] (by ...), will be [done] (by ...) 研がれない, 研がれません isn't [done] (by ...), will not be [done] (by ...) Causative 研がせる, 研がせます makes/will make (someone) [do] 研がせない, 研がせません doesn't/won't make (someone) [do] Causative passive 研がせられる, 研がせられます is made/will be made to [do] (by someone) 研がせられない, 研がせられません isn't made/won't be made to [do] (by someone) ～たい form 研ぎたい want to [do] 研ぎたくない don't want to [do]