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Godan verb with 'ru' ending Transitive verb to rub, to chafe, to strike (match), to file, to frost (glass) Godan verb with 'ru' ending Transitive verb to lose (e.g. a match), to forfeit, to squander one's money (e.g. through gambling, Pachinko, etc.)
Present, Future 擦る, 擦ります [does], will [do] 擦らない, 擦りません doesn't [do], will not [do] Past 擦った, 擦りました [did] 擦らなかった, 擦りませんでした didn't [do] Te-form, Continuative 擦って, 擦りまして 擦らないで, 擦りませんで 擦らなくて Progressive 擦っている, 擦っています [doing], to be [doing] 擦っていない, 擦っていません not [doing] Volitional 擦ろう, 擦りましょう let's [do]!, I/we will [do], I/we intend to [do] 擦るまい, 擦りますまい I will not [do], I do not intend to [do] Imperative 擦れ, 擦りなさい [do] ! 擦るな, 擦りなさるな don't [do] ! Request 擦ってください please [do] 擦らないでください please don't [do] Provisional 擦れば if X [does], if X [is ~] 擦らなければ if X doesn't [do], if X [is not ~] Conditional 擦ったら, 擦りましたら if X were to [do], when X [does] 擦らなかったら, 擦りませんでしたら if X weren't to [do], when X doesn't [do] Potential 擦れる, 擦れます be able to [do], can [do] 擦れない, 擦れません not be able to [do], can't [do] Passive, Respectful 擦られる, 擦られます is [done] (by ...), will be [done] (by ...) 擦られない, 擦られません isn't [done] (by ...), will not be [done] (by ...) Causative 擦らせる, 擦らせます makes/will make (someone) [do] 擦らせない, 擦らせません doesn't/won't make (someone) [do] Causative passive 擦らせられる, 擦らせられます is made/will be made to [do] (by someone) 擦らせられない, 擦らせられません isn't made/won't be made to [do] (by someone)