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Noun, used as a prefix
the last (i.e. immediately preceding) (e.g. "the last mayor"), previous, one-time, former

Noun, used as a prefix
before the name of an era
pre- (e.g. "premodern")

May take the particle 'no'
Noun (futsuumeishi)
See also: 前・まえ・1
before, earlier

ON: ゼン KUN: まえ, -まえ
in front, before

Stroke: 9 Grade: 2 JLPT: N4 SKIP: 2-3-6 FC: 8022.2

Parts: (ぜん) 学期 (がっき) 成績 (せいせき) 良い (よかった)
I had a good report last term.

Parts: 彼女 (かのじょ) 法廷 (ほうてい) 判事 (はんじ) 陪審員 (ばいしんいん) (まえ) 立つ (たった)
She stood in the court before judge and jury.

Parts: 其の (その) 作家 (さっか) どの位 (どのくらい) (まえ) 亡くなる (なくなりました)
How long ago did the author die?

Parts: わあ (わあっ) 隠す (かくす) (まえ) 隠す (かくす)
M-my goodness!? Cover-up! Cover yourself up!

Parts: (ねん) 十月 (じゅうがつ) 或る (ある) (あさ) 自分 (じぶん) コンピュータ (コンピューター) (まえ) 座る (すわる)
One October morning in 1987, Stephen Hawking sat before his computer.

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