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Ichidan verb Intransitive verb to be clear (of a sight, sound, colour, etc.), to be bright, to be vivid, to be crisp Ichidan verb Intransitive verb to be clear-headed, to be alert, to be on the ball, to be wide awake Ichidan verb Intransitive verb often as 冴えない to look upbeat, to be perky, to be cheerful Ichidan verb Intransitive verb to master (a skill), to excel at, to cleanly execute Ichidan verb Intransitive verb See also: 冴えない・2 often as 冴えない to be satisfying Ichidan verb Intransitive verb original meaning; now somewhat old-fashioned to become frigid, to become intensely cold
Present, Future 冴える, 冴えます [does], will [do] 冴えない, 冴えません doesn't [do], will not [do] Past 冴えた, 冴えました [did] 冴えなかった, 冴えませんでした didn't [do] Te-form, Continuative 冴えて, 冴えまして 冴えないで, 冴えませんで 冴えなくて Progressive 冴えている, 冴えています [doing], to be [doing] 冴えていない, 冴えていません not [doing] Volitional 冴えよう, 冴えましょう let's [do]!, I/we will [do], I/we intend to [do] 冴えまい, 冴えますまい I will not [do], I do not intend to [do] Imperative 冴えろ, 冴えよ, 冴えなさい [do] ! 冴えるな, 冴えなさるな don't [do] ! Request 冴えてください please [do] 冴えないでください please don't [do] Provisional 冴えれば if X [does], if X [is ~] 冴えなければ if X doesn't [do], if X [is not ~] Conditional 冴えたら, 冴えましたら if X were to [do], when X [does] 冴えなかったら, 冴えませんでしたら if X weren't to [do], when X doesn't [do] Potential 冴えられる, 冴えられます be able to [do], can [do] 冴えられない, 冴えられません not be able to [do], can't [do] Passive, Respectful 冴えられる, 冴えられます is [done] (by ...), will be [done] (by ...) 冴えられない, 冴えられません isn't [done] (by ...), will not be [done] (by ...) Causative 冴えさせる, 冴えさせます makes/will make (someone) [do] 冴えさせない, 冴えさせません doesn't/won't make (someone) [do] Causative passive 冴えさせられる, 冴えさせられます is made/will be made to [do] (by someone) 冴えさせられない, 冴えさせられません isn't made/won't be made to [do] (by someone)