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Godan verb with 'ru' ending Intransitive verb to become stiff (of muscles) Godan verb with 'ru' ending Intransitive verb to get absorbed in, to develop a passion for, to devote oneself to, to become obsessed with, to get hooked on Godan verb with 'ru' ending Intransitive verb to be elaborate, to be intricate, to be exquisite, to be particular about, to pay great attention to
Present, Future 凝る, 凝ります [does], will [do] 凝らない, 凝りません doesn't [do], will not [do] Past 凝った, 凝りました [did] 凝らなかった, 凝りませんでした didn't [do] Te-form, Continuative 凝って, 凝りまして 凝らないで, 凝りませんで 凝らなくて Progressive 凝っている, 凝っています [doing], to be [doing] 凝っていない, 凝っていません not [doing] Volitional 凝ろう, 凝りましょう let's [do]!, I/we will [do], I/we intend to [do] 凝るまい, 凝りますまい I will not [do], I do not intend to [do] Imperative 凝れ, 凝りなさい [do] ! 凝るな, 凝りなさるな don't [do] ! Request 凝ってください please [do] 凝らないでください please don't [do] Provisional 凝れば if X [does], if X [is ~] 凝らなければ if X doesn't [do], if X [is not ~] Conditional 凝ったら, 凝りましたら if X were to [do], when X [does] 凝らなかったら, 凝りませんでしたら if X weren't to [do], when X doesn't [do] Potential 凝れる, 凝れます be able to [do], can [do] 凝れない, 凝れません not be able to [do], can't [do] Passive, Respectful 凝られる, 凝られます is [done] (by ...), will be [done] (by ...) 凝られない, 凝られません isn't [done] (by ...), will not be [done] (by ...) Causative 凝らせる, 凝らせます makes/will make (someone) [do] 凝らせない, 凝らせません doesn't/won't make (someone) [do] Causative passive 凝らせられる, 凝らせられます is made/will be made to [do] (by someone) 凝らせられない, 凝らせられません isn't made/won't be made to [do] (by someone) ～たい form 凝りたい want to [do] 凝りたくない don't want to [do]