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Godan verb with 'mu' ending Intransitive verb to be absent, to take a day off Godan verb with 'mu' ending Intransitive verb to rest, to have a break Godan verb with 'mu' ending Intransitive verb to go to bed, to (lie down to) sleep, to turn in, to retire Godan verb with 'mu' ending Intransitive verb to stop doing some ongoing activity for a time, to suspend business
Present, Future 休む, 休みます [does], will [do] 休まない, 休みません doesn't [do], will not [do] Past 休んだ, 休みました [did] 休まなかった, 休みませんでした didn't [do] Te-form, Continuative 休んで, 休みまして 休まないで, 休みませんで 休まなくて Progressive 休んでいる, 休んでいます [doing], to be [doing] 休んでいない, 休んでいません not [doing] Volitional 休もう, 休みましょう let's [do]!, I/we will [do], I/we intend to [do] 休むまい, 休みますまい I will not [do], I do not intend to [do] Imperative 休め, 休みなさい [do] ! 休むな, 休みなさるな don't [do] ! Request 休んでください please [do] 休まないでください please don't [do] Provisional 休めば if X [does], if X [is ~] 休まなければ if X doesn't [do], if X [is not ~] Conditional 休んだら, 休みましたら if X were to [do], when X [does] 休まなかったら, 休みませんでしたら if X weren't to [do], when X doesn't [do] Potential 休める, 休めます be able to [do], can [do] 休めない, 休めません not be able to [do], can't [do] Passive, Respectful 休まれる, 休まれます is [done] (by ...), will be [done] (by ...) 休まれない, 休まれません isn't [done] (by ...), will not be [done] (by ...) Causative 休ませる, 休ませます makes/will make (someone) [do] 休ませない, 休ませません doesn't/won't make (someone) [do] Causative passive 休ませられる, 休ませられます is made/will be made to [do] (by someone) 休ませられない, 休ませられません isn't made/won't be made to [do] (by someone)