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こそ
English
Particle
emphasizes preceding word or phrase
it is ... that ..., precisely, in particular, definitely, for sure, only (when, after, because, etc.)

Particle
as こそあれ, こそすれ, こそするが, etc.
although, while, it is the case that ... but

Particle
after conditional -ba form of verb
it is precisely because ... that ..., only because ...

Particle
formal or literary term
after -nai stem of verb + ば
not at all, not in the slightest, absolutely not, never

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Grammar
~こそ: this, especially (emphasis),very
~てこそ: not until, only after
Phrases
辛抱こそ大事なんだ。
Parts: 辛抱 (しんぼう) こそ 大事 (だいじ) なのだ (なんだ)
It's patience that counts.

君のためを思えばこそこう言ってるんだ。
Parts: (きみ) (ため) 思う (おもう) こそ こう言う (こういう)
It is precisely because I have your best interests at heart that I am saying this.

こだわりはお客に伝わってこそ意味をなす。
Parts: 拘り (こだわり) (お) (まろうど) 伝う (つたう) こそ 意味をなす (いみをなす)
Care over the particulars only has meaning once it gets across to customers.

彼は年こそ若いが十分その仕事をやっていける。
Parts: (かれ) (とし) こそ 若い (わかい) 十分 (じゅうぶん) 其の (その) 仕事 (しごと) 遣って行く (やっていける)