Japanese dictionary & Nihongo study tool.
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着る, 著る, きる
Conjugated: きないで
Ichidan verb, Transitive
1. to wear (from the shoulders down), to put on
as 汚名を〜, 罪を〜, etc.
2. to take (the blame, responsibility), to bear
See more > common
, しょう
Noun, used as a suffix
prize, award
See more > common
, しょう
Noun, used as a prefix
1. smallness, small item
See 小の月, Abbreviation
2. short month (i.e. having fewer than 31 days)
See 小学校
3. elementary school
4. smaller (of two things, places, etc. with the same name), inferior
5. younger (of two people with the same name), junior
, しょう
Prefix, before a number
1. exactly, precisely
May take 'no', Archaism
2. correct, right, true
Noun, used as a prefix, See 従・じゅ, also じょう
3. greater (of equal court ranks), upper, senior
See 長官・かみ
4. director (highest of the four administrative positions of the ritsuryō period), chief
, しょう
minister of state
, しょう
Noun, used as a suffix
1. ministry, department
2. province (of China)
Noun, used as a prefix, See 省スペース
3. saving, conserving
, しょう
1. win, victory
2. beautiful scenery, scenic spot
Suffix, Counter, Antonym: 敗・2
3. counter for wins
, しょう
1. chapter, section
Noun, used as a suffix
2. medal, badge, insignia
See more > common
, 証し, あかし, しょう
1. proof, evidence, sign, testimony, vindication
Only しょう, Noun, used as a suffix
2. certificate, license, membership card
Only あかし, Takes suru
3. to testify (usu. Christian religious context)
Buddhist term
4. enlightenment
5. symptoms (in Chinese medicine), patient's condition
See more > common
, しょう
See 積・1, Mathematics term
1. quotient
2. business, merchant, dealer
See 五音
3. second degree (of the Japanese and Chinese pentatonic scale)
See 殷, historical term
4. Shang dynasty (of China; approx. 1600-1046 BCE), Yin dynasty
See more > common
, しょう
NA-adjective, Noun, used as a suffix
See more > common
, しょう
Prefix, See 昭和・1, Abbreviation
nth year in the Shōwa era (1926.12.25-1989.1.7)
, しょう
1. omen (usu. good), (auspicious) sign
See 小祥, See 大祥
2. first two anniversaries of a person's death
, しょう
commander, general, leader
See more > common
背負う, 脊負う, せおう, しょう
Godan verb, Transitive
1. to carry on one's back
2. to be burdened with, to take responsibility for
3. to have (something) in the background, to be in front (of something)
Only しょう, Intransitive, See しょってる, in the form しょってる
4. to be conceited, to think highly of oneself
See more > common
, しょう
small, little, few
, 庄, しょう, そう
Noun, used as a suffix, See 荘園, usu. そう when a suffix
manor, villa
, しょう
shō, traditional unit of volume, approx. 1.8 litres
, しょう
Obsolete term
craftsman, artisan, carpenter, (skilled) workman
, しょう
form, shape, figure, appearance, phenomenon
See more > common
, 牀, しょう
counter for beds
, しょう
1. nature, disposition, temperament, character
2. quality
Buddhist term
3. that which does not change according to external influences
少輔, しょう, しょうゆう, すないすけ
historical term
assistant vice-minister (ritsuryō system, early Meiji period)
, しょう
See 六境, Buddhist term
1. voice, sound
See 四声, See 声点, Linguistics terminology, also read せい
2. tone (of Chinese character), tone mark
3. stress (in pronunciation), intonation, accent
, しょう
, しょう
See 妾・めかけ
1. mistress, kept woman, concubine
Pronoun, See 妾・わらわ, Archaism, Humble, Female term or language
2. I, me
, しょう
1. name, title, designation
2. fame, reputation
, しょう
1. important point (e.g. on a route)
2. important role (responsibility, etc.)
See 合・ごう・4, Astronomy term
3. opposition
, しょう, そう
traditional Japanese wind instrument resembling panpipes, free-reed instrument used in Japanese court music
, 鈔, しょう
1. excerpt, extract
2. annotation
3. shō (unit of volume, approx. 1.8 ml)
Only 鈔, Archaism
4. banknote, paper money
, しょう
round bronze jar used for storing alcohol (Han dynasty China)
, しょう
1. request, invitation
2. privilege in criminal law given to nobles of the fifth rank or above (ritsuryō system)