Japanese dictionary & Nihongo study tool.
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苦し, くるしむ
Godan verb, Intransitive
to suffer, to groan, to be worried
See more > common
苦し, くるしい
1. painful, difficult, tough, hard
2. distressing, (psychologically) difficult, stressful, awkward (e.g. position)
3. straitened (circumstances), tight (financial situation), needy, struggling
4. strained (interpretation, explanation, etc.), lame (e.g. excuse), forced (e.g. smile), far-fetched
Suffix, See 寝苦しい・ねぐるしい, See 見苦しい・みぐるしい, after -masu stem of verb; often ぐるしい
5. hard to do, unpleasant
See more > common
苦し, くるしみ
pain, anguish, distress, suffering, hardship
See more > common
苦しめる, くるしめる
Ichidan verb, Transitive
1. to torment, to pain, to inflict (physical) pain, to hurt
2. to harass, to cause (emotional) pain, to afflict, to distress, to bother, to trouble, to stump, to baffle
See more > common
苦し, おもくるしい
heavy (feeling, etc.), gloomy (weather, etc.), oppressive (atmosphere, etc.), stifling, strained
See more > common
苦し, 固苦し, かたくるしい, かたぐるしい
formal, strict, ceremonious, stiff
苦し, いきぐるしい
1. choking, suffocating, stifling
2. oppressive, heavy
苦し, みぐるしい
unsightly, ugly, unseemly, indecent, deplorable, disgraceful, shameful
See more > common
苦し, くるしさ
See 苦しみ
pain, anguish, distress, suffering, hardship
苦し, こころぐるしい
painful, being sorry, feeling sorry
苦し, ねぐるしい
unable to sleep well
See more > common
苦しい懐, くるしいふところ
tight budget
苦しがる, くるしがる
Godan verb
to suffer, to complain of a pain
苦し, せまくるしい
苦し, 熱苦し, あつくるしい
1. sultry, sweltering, stuffy, oppressively hot
2. uncomfortably hot-looking (clothing, etc.), stuffy-looking
胸が苦し, むねがくるしい
have a pain in one's chest
かたっくるしい, 堅っ苦し
See 堅苦しい, Usually in kana
formal, strict, ceremonious, stiff
塗炭の苦し, とたんのくるしみ
misery, distress
親を苦しめる, おやをくるしめる
Expression, Ichidan verb
to cause one's parents distress
苦しい言い訳, くるしいいいわけ
lame excuse, poor excuse
借金で苦し, しゃっきんでくるしむ
Godan verb
to be distressed with debts
飢えに苦し, 餓えに苦し, うえにくるしむ
Expression, Godan verb
to suffer from hunger
もがき苦し, 踠き苦し, もがきくるしむ
Godan verb, Intransitive
to writhe in agony
苦しゅうない, くるしゅうない
no problem, no objection, it doesn't matter
理解に苦し, りかいにくるしむ
Expression, Godan verb
to be unable to understand, to baffle one's understanding, to be beyond one's comprehension
苦し紛れ, 苦しまぎれ, くるしまぎれ
NA-adjective, May take 'no', oft. as 〜に
(out of) desperation, (as a) last resort, (driven by) pain
苦し, むなぐるしい
(feeling of) tightness in the chest
良薬は口に苦し, りょうやくはくちににがし
Expression, Proverb
the most helpful advice may be difficult to listen to, good medicine tastes bitter
聞き苦し, 聞苦し, ききぐるしい
1. unpleasant to hear
2. difficult to hear
むさくるしい, むさ苦し
Usually in kana
filthy, squalid, dirty, foul, sordid
苦しい時の神頼み, 苦しいときの神頼み, くるしいときのかみだのみ
Expression, Proverb
danger past, God forgotten, once on shore, we pray no more, man turns to God only in times of trouble, there are no atheists in foxholes
苦々しい, 苦苦し, にがにがしい
unpleasant, disgusting, loathsome, shameful, scandalous