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本当に, ほんとうに, ほんとに, ホントに, ホントーに, ホントウに
really, truly
この, 此の, 斯の, こん
Pre-noun adjectival (rentaishi), See その・1, See あの, See どの, Usually in kana, something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker
1. this
in ref. to a stretch of time or date
2. last (couple of years, etc.), these, past, this
emphatic, accusatory, insulting
3. you (as in "you liar")
, 9, 玖, きゅう, く, ここの, この, ここ
Numeric, 玖 is used in legal documents
tie, necktie
1. indicates direct object of action
2. indicates subject of causative expression
3. indicates an area traversed
4. indicates time (period) over which action takes place
5. indicates point of departure or separation of action
する, 為る
Usually in kana
1. to do, to carry out, to perform
2. to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into)
3. to serve as, to act as, to work as
4. to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)
as 〜にする,〜とする
5. to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as
刷る, 摺る, する
Godan verb, Transitive
1. to print
2. to color or pattern fabric using a wooden mold
する, 掏る, スる
Godan verb, Transitive, See すり, Usually in kana
to pickpocket, to steal
擦る, 摩る, 磨る, 擂る, する
Godan verb, Transitive
1. to rub, to chafe, to strike (match), to file, to frost (glass)
2. to lose (e.g. a match), to forfeit, to squander one's money (e.g. through gambling, Pachinko, etc.)
剃る, そる, する
Godan verb, Transitive
to shave
Particle, See 乃, occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之
1. indicates possessive
2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
See が・1
3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
often ん
4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion
Female term or language
5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
Particle, used at sentence-end; indicates a question (sometimes rhetorical)
1. yes?, no?, isn't it?, is it?
after each alternative
2. or, whether or not
See 何か・1, after an interrogative
3. some- (e.g. something, someone)
indicates doubt, uncertainty, etc.; sometimes after other particles
4. hmm, huh
Prefix, See か弱い, emphatic prefix; usu. before an adjective
5. very
Particle, See かい, See ぞい, See だい, See わい, Familiar language
strengthens a question, assertion, etc.
, 藺, イ
See イグサ, Usually in kana
soft rush (Juncus effusus var. decipiens), common rush
, うん
fortune, luck
うん, うむ, ううむ
1. yes, yeah, uh huh
2. hum, hmmm, well, erm
Only うん, moan or groan (of pain)
3. oof
, うん, ん
Noun, used as a prefix
some (at the start of a number in place of a digit)
, かさ, うん
halo (around the Sun, Moon, etc.), ring, corona
もちろん, 勿論
Adverb, Usually in kana
of course, certainly, naturally
copula, See である, See です, plain copula
1. be, is
Auxiliary verb, See た・1, た after certain verb forms; indicates past or completed action
2. did, (have) done
See た・2, indicates light imperative
3. please, do
Particle, at sentence-end; indicates certainty, emphasis, contempt, request, etc.
1. hey, you
after a noun; used when calling out to someone
2. hey
in mid-sentence; used to catch one's breath or get someone's attention
3. hey, hold on
4. yo, hey
The words and kanji on this web site come from the amazing dictionary files JMDict, EDICT and KANJIDIC. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group , and are used in conformance with the Group's licence. The example sentences come from the projects Tatoeba and Tanaka Corpus. Kanji search by radicals is based on the Kradfile2 and Kradfile-u files containing radical decomposition of 13108 Japanese characters. Many thanks to all the people involved in those projects!