TAKOBOTO

Japanese dictionary & Nihongo learning tool. Use it online here or download an offline app
Search a Japanese or English word using kanji, kana or romaji:
日本語, にほんご, にっぽんご
See 国語・こくご・2
Japanese (language)
私は日本語で苦労している。
See more > common
Particle, See 乃, occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之
1. indicates possessive
2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
See が・1
3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
often ん
4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion
Female term or language
5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
See more > common
テスト
Takes suru
1. examination, quiz, test, tryout, trial
2. rehearsal (in filming)
次の月曜に私達は英語のテストを受ける。
See more > common
Particle, pronounced わ in modern Japanese
1. topic marker particle
2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
3. adds emphasis
See more > common
ある, 有る, 在る
Conjugated: ないで
Godan verb, Intransitive, See 居る・いる・1, Usually in kana, usu. of inanimate objects
1. to be, to exist, to live
2. to have
3. to be located
4. to be equipped with
5. to happen, to come about
悪いけどほかに用事があるの。
See more > common
ないで
Conjunction, Auxiliary, See ない・1
1. without doing ...
used in sentence-final position as an indirect prohibition
2. don't
なぐ, 凪ぐ
Conjugated: ないで
Godan verb, Intransitive, Usually in kana
to become calm, to die down
風が凪いだ。
薙ぐ, なぐ
Conjugated: ないで
Godan verb, Transitive
to mow down, to scythe down, to knock someone off their feet
, しょう
Noun, used as a suffix
prize, award
期待されたとおり彼は賞を得た。
See more > common
, しょう
Noun, used as a prefix
1. smallness, small item
See 小の月, Abbreviation
2. short month (i.e. having fewer than 31 days)
See 小学校
3. elementary school
4. smaller (of two things, places, etc. with the same name), inferior
5. younger (of two people with the same name), junior
大か、小か。
, しょう
Prefix, before a number
1. exactly, precisely
May take 'no', Archaism
2. correct, right, true
Noun, used as a prefix, See 従・じゅ, also じょう
3. greater (of equal court ranks), upper, senior
See 長官・かみ
4. director (highest of the four administrative positions of the ritsuryo period), chief
, しょう
Suffix
minister of state
, しょう
Noun, used as a suffix
1. ministry, department
2. province (of China)
Noun, used as a prefix, See 省スペース
3. saving, conserving
その省は内政問題の行政をつかさどる。
, しょう
1. win, victory
2. beautiful scenery, scenic spot
Suffix, Counter, Antonym: 敗・2
3. counter for wins
, しょう
1. chapter, section
Noun, used as a suffix
2. medal, badge, insignia
教科書の各章に約12もの練習問題がついている。
See more > common
, 証し, あかし, しょう
1. proof, evidence, sign, testimony, vindication
Only しょう, Noun, used as a suffix
2. certificate, license, membership card
Only あかし, Takes suru
3. to testify (usu. Christian religious context)
Buddhist term
4. enlightenment
5. symptoms (in Chinese medicine), patient's condition
しかし、あなた方は私たちの証を受け入れません。
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, しょう
Noun, used as a suffix, See 積・1, Mathematics term
1. quotient
2. dealing, dealer, store
See 五音
3. second degree (of the Japanese and Chinese pentatonic scale)
See 殷
4. Shang dynasty (China, approx. 1600-1046 BCE), Yin dynasty
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, しょう
NA-adjective, Noun, used as a suffix
illness
メアリーは本当に心配症ね。
See more > common
, しょう
Prefix, See 昭和・1, Abbreviation
nth year in the Shōwa era (1926.12.25-1989.1.7)
, しょう
1. omen (usu. good), (auspicious) sign
See 小祥, See 大祥
2. first two anniversaries of a person's death
, しょう
commander, general, leader
将を射んと欲すれば先ず馬を射よ。
See more > common
背負う, 脊負う, せおう, しょう
Godan verb, Transitive
1. to carry on one's back
2. to be burdened with, to take responsibility for
3. to have (something) in the background, to be in front (of something)
Only しょう, Intransitive, See しょってる, in the form しょってる
4. to be conceited, to think highly of oneself
彼女は背中にリュックサックを背おっている。
See more > common
, しょう
Prefix
small, little, few
, 庄, しょう, そう
Noun, used as a suffix, See 荘園, usu. そう when a suffix
manor, villa
, しょう
shō, traditional unit of volume, approx. 1.8 litres
, しょう
form, shape, figure, appearance, phenomenon
その小さい男の子は目を大きく見開いて巨大な象を見た。
See more > common
, 牀, しょう
Counter
counter for beds
床の上に何がありますか。
少輔, しょう, しょうゆう, すないすけ
assistant vice-minister (ritsuryo system, early Meiji period)
, しょう
See 六境, Buddhist term
1. voice, sound
See 四声, See 声点, Linguistics terminology, also read せい
2. tone (of Chinese character), tone mark
3. stress (in pronunciation), intonation, accent
あなたの声を聞いて嬉しい。
, しょう
Noun, used as a suffix
1. nature (of a person or thing)
Buddhist term
2. that which does not change according to external influences
習い性となる。
, しょう
reef
, しょう
See 妾・めかけ
1. mistress, kept woman, concubine
Pronoun, See 妾・わらわ, Archaism, Humble, Female term or language
2. I, me