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日本語, にほんご, にっぽんご
See 国語・こくご・2
Japanese (language)
Particle, See 乃, occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之
1. indicates possessive
2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
See が・1
3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
often ん
4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion
Female term or language
5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
Takes suru
1. examination, quiz, test
2. test, tryout, trial
3. rehearsal (in filming)
Particle, pronounced わ in modern Japanese
1. topic marker particle
2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
3. adds emphasis
ある, 有る, 在る
Conjugated: ないで
Godan verb, Intransitive, See 居る・いる・1, Usually in kana, usu. of inanimate objects
1. to be, to exist, to live
2. to have
3. to be located
4. to be equipped with
5. to happen, to come about
Conjunction, Auxiliary, See ない・1
1. without doing ...
used in sentence-final position as an indirect prohibition
2. don't
なぐ, 凪ぐ
Conjugated: ないで
Godan verb, Intransitive, Usually in kana
to become calm, to die down
薙ぐ, なぐ
Conjugated: ないで
Godan verb, Transitive
to mow down, to scythe down, to knock someone off their feet
, しょう
Noun, used as a suffix
prize, award
, しょう
Noun, used as a prefix
1. smallness, small item
See 小の月
2. short month (i.e. having fewer than 31 days)
See 小学校, Abbreviation
3. elementary school
4. younger or inferior (of two items or people with the same name)
5. unit of field area (approx. 400 sq m)
, しょう, じょう
Noun, used as a prefix, See 従・じゅ
1. greater (of equal court ranks), upper, senior
Only しょう, See 長官・かみ
2. director (highest of the four administrative positions of the ritsuryo period), chief
Prefix, before a number
3. exactly, precisely
, しょう
minister of state
, しょう
Noun, used as a suffix
1. ministry, department
2. province (of China)
Noun, used as a prefix, See 省スペース
3. saving, conserving
, しょう
1. win, victory
2. beautiful scenery, scenic spot
Suffix, Counter, Antonym: 敗・2
3. counter for wins
, しょう
1. chapter, section
Noun, used as a suffix
2. medal, badge, insignia
, 証し, あかし, しょう
1. proof, evidence, sign, testimony, vindication
Only しょう, Noun, used as a suffix
2. certificate, license, membership card
Only あかし, Takes suru
3. to testify (usu. Christian religious context)
Buddhist term
4. enlightenment
5. symptoms (in Chinese medicine), patient's condition
, しょう
Noun, used as a suffix, See 積・1, Mathematics term
1. quotient
2. dealing, dealer, store
See 五音
3. second degree (of the Japanese and Chinese pentatonic scale)
See 殷
4. Shang dynasty (China, approx. 1600-1046 BCE), Yin dynasty
, しょう
NA-adjective, Noun, used as a suffix
, しょう
Prefix, See 昭和・1, Abbreviation
nth year in the Shōwa era (1926.12.25-1989.1.7)
, しょう
1. omen (usu. good), (auspicious) sign
See 小祥, See 大祥
2. first two anniversaries of a person's death
, しょう
commander, general, leader
背負う, 脊負う, せおう, しょう
Godan verb, Transitive
1. to carry on one's back
2. to be burdened with, to take responsibility for
3. to have (something) in the background, to be in front (of something)
Only しょう, Intransitive, See しょってる, in the form しょってる
4. to be conceited, to think highly of oneself
, しょう
small, little, few
, 庄, しょう, そう
Noun, used as a suffix, See 荘園, usu. そう when a suffix
manor, villa
, しょう
shō, traditional unit of volume, approx. 1.8 litres
, しょう
form, shape, figure, appearance, phenomenon
, 牀, しょう
counter for beds
少輔, しょう, しょうゆう, すないすけ
assistant vice-minister (ritsuryo system, early Meiji period)
, しょう
See 六境, Buddhist term
1. voice, sound
See 四声, See 声点, Linguistics terminology, also read せい
2. tone (of Chinese character), tone mark
3. stress (in pronunciation), intonation, accent
, しょう
Noun, used as a suffix
1. nature (of a person or thing)
Buddhist term
2. that which does not change according to external influences
, しょう
, しょう
See 妾・めかけ
1. mistress, kept woman, concubine
Pronoun, See 妾・わらわ, Archaism, Humble, Female term or language
2. I, me
The words and kanji on this web site come from the amazing dictionary files JMDict, EDICT and KANJIDIC. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group , and are used in conformance with the Group's licence. The example sentences come from the projects Tatoeba and Tanaka Corpus. Kanji search by radicals is based on the Kradfile2 and Kradfile-u files containing radical decomposition of 13108 Japanese characters. Many thanks to all the people involved in those projects!