Japanese dictionary & Nihongo study tool.
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日本語, にほんご, にっぽんご
See 国語・こくご・2
Japanese (language)
See more > common
Particle, See 乃, occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之
1. indicates possessive
2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
See が・1
3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
often ん
4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion
Female term or language
5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
See more > common
Takes suru
1. examination, quiz, test, tryout, trial
2. rehearsal (in filming)
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Particle, pronounced わ in modern Japanese
1. topic marker particle
2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
3. adds emphasis
See more > common
ある, 有る, 在る
Conjugated: ないで
Godan verb, Intransitive, See 居る・いる・1, Usually in kana, usu. of inanimate objects
1. to be, to exist, to live
2. to have
3. to be located
4. to be equipped with
5. to happen, to come about
See more > common
Conjunction, Auxiliary, See ない・1
1. without doing ...
used in sentence-final position as an indirect prohibition
2. don't
なぐ, 凪ぐ
Conjugated: ないで
Godan verb, Intransitive, Usually in kana
to become calm, to die down
薙ぐ, なぐ
Conjugated: ないで
Godan verb, Transitive
to mow down, to scythe down, to knock someone off their feet
, しょう
Noun, used as a suffix
prize, award
See more > common
, しょう
Noun, used as a prefix
1. smallness, small item
See 小の月, Abbreviation
2. short month (i.e. having fewer than 31 days)
See 小学校
3. elementary school
4. smaller (of two things, places, etc. with the same name), inferior
5. younger (of two people with the same name), junior
, しょう
Prefix, before a number
1. exactly, precisely
May take 'no', Archaism
2. correct, right, true
Noun, used as a prefix, See 従・じゅ, also じょう
3. greater (of equal court ranks), upper, senior
See 長官・かみ
4. director (highest of the four administrative positions of the ritsuryo period), chief
, しょう
minister of state
, しょう
Noun, used as a suffix
1. ministry, department
2. province (of China)
Noun, used as a prefix, See 省スペース
3. saving, conserving
, しょう
1. win, victory
2. beautiful scenery, scenic spot
Suffix, Counter, Antonym: 敗・2
3. counter for wins
, しょう
1. chapter, section
Noun, used as a suffix
2. medal, badge, insignia
See more > common
, 証し, あかし, しょう
1. proof, evidence, sign, testimony, vindication
Only しょう, Noun, used as a suffix
2. certificate, license, membership card
Only あかし, Takes suru
3. to testify (usu. Christian religious context)
Buddhist term
4. enlightenment
5. symptoms (in Chinese medicine), patient's condition
See more > common
, しょう
Noun, used as a suffix, See 積・1, Mathematics term
1. quotient
2. dealing, dealer, store
See 五音
3. second degree (of the Japanese and Chinese pentatonic scale)
See 殷
4. Shang dynasty (China, approx. 1600-1046 BCE), Yin dynasty
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, しょう
NA-adjective, Noun, used as a suffix
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, しょう
Prefix, See 昭和・1, Abbreviation
nth year in the Shōwa era (1926.12.25-1989.1.7)
, しょう
1. omen (usu. good), (auspicious) sign
See 小祥, See 大祥
2. first two anniversaries of a person's death
, しょう
commander, general, leader
See more > common
背負う, 脊負う, せおう, しょう
Godan verb, Transitive
1. to carry on one's back
2. to be burdened with, to take responsibility for
3. to have (something) in the background, to be in front (of something)
Only しょう, Intransitive, See しょってる, in the form しょってる
4. to be conceited, to think highly of oneself
See more > common
, しょう
small, little, few
, 庄, しょう, そう
Noun, used as a suffix, See 荘園, usu. そう when a suffix
manor, villa
, しょう
shō, traditional unit of volume, approx. 1.8 litres
, しょう
form, shape, figure, appearance, phenomenon
See more > common
, 牀, しょう
counter for beds
少輔, しょう, しょうゆう, すないすけ
assistant vice-minister (ritsuryo system, early Meiji period)
, しょう
See 六境, Buddhist term
1. voice, sound
See 四声, See 声点, Linguistics terminology, also read せい
2. tone (of Chinese character), tone mark
3. stress (in pronunciation), intonation, accent
, しょう
Noun, used as a suffix
1. nature (of a person or thing)
Buddhist term
2. that which does not change according to external influences
, しょう
, しょう
See 妾・めかけ
1. mistress, kept woman, concubine
Pronoun, See 妾・わらわ, Archaism, Humble, Female term or language
2. I, me