Japanese dictionary & Nihongo study tool.
Search a Japanese or English word using kanji, kana or romaji:
, 公, きみ
Pronoun, Familiar language, sometimes considered male language; referring to someone of equal or lower status
1. you, buddy, pal
orig. meaning
2. monarch, ruler, sovereign, (one's) master
Only 君, Polite, Obsolete term
3. he, she
See more > common
, くん
Mr (junior), master, boy
See more > common
, ぎみ
Suffix, Honorific or respectful
suffix appended to someone else's family members
, きんじ
Pronoun, Archaism, Colloquialism
破損, はそん
Takes suru, Transitive, Intransitive
damage, breakage
See more > common
, , ,
Only な, Particle, prohibitive; used with dictionary form verb
1. don't
imperative (from なさい); used with -masu stem of verb
2. do
Interjection, used to get someone's attention or press one's point
3. hey, listen, look, say
when seeking confirmation, for emphasis, etc.; used at sentence end
4. now, ..., well, ..., I tell you!, you know
used to express admiration, emotionality, etc.; used at sentence end
5. wow, ooh
See more > common
こと, 事, 縡, こん
Usually in kana
1. thing, matter
2. incident, occurrence, event, something serious, trouble, crisis
3. circumstances, situation, state of affairs
4. work, business, affair
5. after an inflectable word, creates a noun phrase indicating something the speaker does not feel close to
See more > common
, 箏, 筝, こと, そう
1. koto (13-stringed Japanese zither)
Only こと, Archaism
2. stringed instrument
Only 箏, Only 筝
3. zheng (Chinese zither), guzheng
See more > common
古都, こと
ancient city, former capital
See more > common
, 殊, こと, け
Only こと, NA-adjective, Noun, used as a prefix, Archaism
1. difference (from one another), different thing, other
2. unusual, extraordinary
糊塗, こと
Takes suru, Transitive
patching up (e.g. a failure), covering up (e.g. a mistake), glossing over
Particle, particle always used at sentence-end
1. particle indicating a command
Female term or language, often as ことね
2. particle indicating mild enthusiasm
3. particle indicating a gentle interrogative
at sentence end as ことよ
4. particle used to soften a judgment or conclusion
, げん, こと
word, remark, statement
See more > common
, 若, ごと, こと, もころ
Adverb, See 如し
like, similar to, same as
1. indicates direct object of action
2. indicates subject of causative expression
3. indicates an area traversed
4. indicates time (period) over which action takes place
5. indicates point of departure or separation of action
See more > common
すべき, す可き
Expression, See するべき, Usually in kana
should do, ought to do
See more > common
Conjugated: ではなかった
copula, See である, See です, plain copula
1. be, is
Auxiliary verb, See た・1, た after certain verb forms; indicates past or completed action
2. did, (have) done
See た・2, indicates light imperative
3. please, do
See more > common
ではない, では無い
Conjugated: ではなかった
Expression, Usually in kana
is not, am not, are not
See more > common
Particle, See 乃, occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之
1. indicates possessive
2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
See が・1
3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
often ん
4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion
Female term or language
5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
See more > common
1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
3. but, however, still, and
after the volitional form of a verb
4. regardless of, whether (or not)
See more > common