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先生, せんせい
1. teacher, instructor, master
Noun, used as a suffix, Honorific or respectful
2. sensei, title or form of address for a teacher, master, doctor, lawyer, etc.
Familiar language, Humorous term
3. intimate or teasing form of address
Archaism, orig. meaning
4. one's elder
See more > common
先生, せんじょう, せんしょう, ぜんじょう
See 先生・せんせい・1, Archaism
1. teacher, instructor, master
See 前生, Buddhist term
2. previous existence
先生, シーサン
Honorific or respectful
Particle, pronounced わ in modern Japanese
1. topic marker particle
2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
3. adds emphasis
See more > common
, わたし
Pronoun, slightly formal or feminine
I, me
See more > common
, , わらわ
Pronoun, Archaism, Humble, Female term or language
I, me
あたし, , あたくし, あたい, あて
Pronoun, Female term or language, Usually in kana
I, me
, あっし, わっし
Pronoun, mainly used by working men
I, me
, わい, わて
Pronoun, Archaism, Dialect: Kansai-ben
1. I, me
Only わい, used toward people of equal or lower status
2. you
, わたい
Pronoun, Archaism, Dialect: Kantou-ben
I, me
, し
See 公・こう・1
private affairs, personal matter
, わたくし
Pronoun, See 私・わたし, usu. more formal than わたし
1. I, me
May take 'no', Antonym: 公・おおやけ・2
2. personal (affairs, etc.), private
3. selfishness, partiality
4. secrecy, confidentiality
, わっち
Pronoun, used esp. by people of low status
I, me
わし, 儂,
Pronoun, Usually in kana, Male term, used by elderly
I, me
1. at (place, time), in, on, during
2. to (direction, state), toward, into
3. for (purpose)
4. because of (reason), with
5. by, from
See more > common
, ほん
See ご本・ごほん
1. book, volume, script
2. this, present
3. main, head
4. real, regular
Suffix, Counter, sometimes pronounced ぼん or ぽん
5. counter for long cylindrical things, counter for films, TV shows, etc., counter for goals, home runs, etc., counter for telephone calls
See more > common
, , 素, 基, もと
usu. 元
1. origin, source
esp. 基
2. base, basis, foundation, root
also 因, 原
3. cause
esp. 素
4. ingredient, material
Only 元
5. (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
See more > common
1. indicates direct object of action
2. indicates subject of causative expression
3. indicates an area traversed
4. indicates time (period) over which action takes place
5. indicates point of departure or separation of action
See more > common
くれる, 呉れる
Conjugated: くれました
Ichidan verb, Transitive, See あげる・18, Usually in kana, the receiver is the speaker or someone close to the speaker
1. to give, to let (one) have
Auxiliary verb, after the -te form of a verb
2. to do for one, to take the trouble to do
3. to do to someone's disadvantage
See more > common
暮れる, 眩れる, 暗れる, 昏れる, くれる
Conjugated: くれました
Ichidan verb, Intransitive
1. to get dark, to grow dark
2. to end (of a day, year, season, etc.), to come to an end, to close
3. to be sunk in (e.g. despair), to be lost in (e.g. thought), to be overcome with
See more > common
繰る, くる
Conjugated: くれました
Godan verb, Transitive
1. to reel, to wind, to spin (thread)
2. to turn (pages), to flip through (a book), to leaf through (a book), to consult (a dictionary), to refer to (an encyclopedia)
3. to count (e.g. the days)
4. to open one-by-one, to close one-by-one (e.g. shutters)
See more > common
えぐる, 抉る, 刳る, 剔る, くる
Conjugated: くれました
Godan verb, Transitive, Usually in kana
1. to gouge, to hollow out, to bore, to excavate, to scoop out
Only えぐる
2. to greatly perturb, to cause emotional pain
3. to get to the bottom of things, to relentlessly bring the truth to light