以上, 已上, いじょう
1. not less than, ... and over, ... and above, ... and upwards, ... or more
2. beyond (e.g. one's expectations), more than, further than
May take 'no'
3. above-mentioned, aforementioned, foregoing
4. since ..., seeing that ..., now that ..., once ...
5. that's all, that is the end
3. period, class, lesson
1. indicates direct object of action
2. indicates subject of causative expression
3. indicates an area traversed
4. indicates time (period) over which action takes place
5. indicates point of departure or separation of action