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以上, 已上, いじょう
Noun, used as a suffix, Antonym: 以下・1
1. not less than ..., ... and over, ... and above, ... and upwards, ... or more
2. beyond (e.g. one's expectations), more than, further than
May take 'no'
3. the above, the above-mentioned, the aforementioned, the foregoing
Conjunction, after a verb
4. since ..., seeing that ..., now that ..., once ...
5. that's all, that is the end
See more > common
Particle, pronounced わ in modern Japanese
1. indicates sentence topic
2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
3. adds emphasis
See more > common