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与える, あたえる
Conjugated: 与えられている
Ichidan verb, Transitive
1. to give (esp. to someone of lower status), to bestow, to grant, to confer, to present, to award
2. to provide, to afford, to offer, to supply
3. to assign
4. to cause
Computer terminology
5. to pass (a variable to a function)
人は天から与えられるのでなければ、なにもうけることはできません。
See more > common
Particle, See 乃, occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之
1. indicates possessive
2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
See が・1
3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
often ん
4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion
Female term or language
5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
See more > common
Particle, pronounced わ in modern Japanese
1. topic marker particle
2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
3. adds emphasis
See more > common