Japanese dictionary & Nihongo study tool.
Search a Japanese or English word using kanji, kana or romaji:
, した
1. below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter)
2. bottom
3. beneath, underneath
as 下から, 下より, etc.
4. just after, right after
May take 'no'
5. inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior)
See more > common
, 許, もと
Adverb, oft. のもとに or のもとで
1. under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.)
2. under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath
as ...のもとに
3. with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of)
See 元・5, usu. written 元
4. (someone's) side, (someone's) location
See more > common
, げ
1. lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority
See 上・4, See 中・5
2. second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
, しも
Antonym: 上・かみ・1
1. lower reaches (of a river)
2. bottom, lower part
3. lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses
4. end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan)
May take 'no'
5. dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
, か
under (influence, control, conditions, etc. of), during (war, occupation, etc.)
ください, さい
Expression, Usually in kana, Honorific or respectful
1. please (give me)
after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-
2. please (do for me)
See more > common
, 已, いか, いげ
Noun, used as a suffix, Antonym: 以上・1
1. not exceeding ..., not more than ..., ... and under, ... and below, ... or fewer
2. below (a standard, level, etc.), beneath, less than
May take 'no'
3. the following, the below-mentioned, the rest, followed by ...
used to refer to all members of a group, starting with the head or principal figure
4. including ..., ... and other (employees, officials, etc.)
See more > common
くださる, さる
Godan verb, Honorific or respectful, Usually in kana
1. to give, to confer, to bestow
2. to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
See more > common
, ていか
Takes suru, Intransitive
fall, decline, lowering, deterioration, degradation
See more > common
がる, , さがる
Godan verb, Intransitive, Antonym: 上がる・1
1. to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower
2. to hang, to dangle
3. to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire
4. to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded
5. to get closer to the present day
See more > common
引き, 引, ひきさげ
reduction, cut
See more > common
げる, さげる
Ichidan verb, Transitive
1. to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration)
2. to lower, to reduce, to bring down
3. to demote, to move back, to pull back
4. to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
See 出来役, hanafuda
5. to keep on playing after one has formed a scoring combination with captured cards
See more > common
, げしゃ
Takes suru, Intransitive, See 降車, Antonym: 乗車
alighting (from a train, bus, etc.), getting off, getting out (of a car)
See more > common
, ちか
May take 'no', Antonym: 地上・1
1. underground, below the ground
2. world of the dead, the grave
3. underground (activities, movement, etc.), secret, illegal, in hiding
See more > common
回る, 廻る, したまわる
Godan verb, Transitive, See 上回る
to fall below (esp. figures: profits, unemployment rate, etc.), to be less than, to be lower than, to fall just short of, to be just under
, げらく
Takes suru, Intransitive
depreciation, decline, fall, slump
See more > common
, ちかてつ
See 地下鉄道, Abbreviation
subway, metro, underground (railway)
See more > common
, かいん
See 上院
lower house, lower legislative chamber
See more > common
, へいか
Pronoun, Noun, used as a suffix, Honorific or respectful
Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
See more > common
殿, でんか, てんが
your Highness, his Highness, her Highness
See more > common
, 降す, くだす
Godan verb, Transitive
1. to make a decision, to draw a conclusion
2. to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order
3. to let go down, to lower
See 手を下す・1
4. to do oneself, to do by oneself
5. to beat, to defeat
See more > common
引きげる, 引げる, ひきさげる
Ichidan verb, Transitive
to pull down, to lower, to reduce, to withdraw
See more > common
, じょうげ
1. top and bottom, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, up and down
Takes suru
2. going up and down, rising and falling, fluctuating
3. going and coming back
4. upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
5. first and second volumes
See more > common
, りさげ
Takes suru, Intransitive
decrease in interest rates
See more > common
, 値, ねさげ
Takes suru, Transitive, Antonym: 値上げ
price reduction, price cut, reduction in price, markdown
See more > common
, さんか, やました, さんげ
foot of a mountain, base of a mountain
, げじゅん
last third of a month, 21st to the last day of a month
See more > common
, みぎした
May take 'no'
lower right
See more > common
デパ地, デパちか, デパチカ
Colloquialism, Abbreviation
basement of a department store (where foodstuffs are usually sold)
See more > common
市営地, しえいちかてつ
municipal subway
See more > common
, ぶか
See 上司, See 目下・めした
subordinate person
See more > common
, へた, ヘタ
NA-adjective, Antonym: 上手・じょうず・1
1. unskillful, poor, awkward
2. imprudent, untactful
See more > common
天皇陛, てんのうへいか
His Majesty the Emperor
See more > common
, 降る, くだる
Godan verb, Intransitive
1. to descend, to go down, to come down
2. to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.)
3. to pass (of time)
4. to surrender, to capitulate
often in neg. form
5. to be less than, to be inferior to
See more > common
, かい
May take 'no'
low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
See more > common
, 提げ, 垂げ, さげ
Antonym: 上げ・2
1. lowering, sinking, bringing down, letting down
2. depreciation, price fall
See 落語
3. punch line (of a rakugo story)
See 下げ緒, Abbreviation, Archaism
4. sword strap
, 上, かみしも
1. samurai costume, old ceremonial costume
Only 上下, orig. meaning
2. top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends