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See ビルディング, Abbreviation
1. multi-floor building, multi-storey building
2. bill
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Particle, See 乃, occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之
1. indicates possessive
2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
See が・1
3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
often ん
4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion
Female term or language
5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
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Particle, used for non-exhaustive lists related to a specific time and place
1. such things as ..., and ... and
See や否や・1, after the dictionary form of a verb
2. the minute (that) ..., no sooner than ..., as soon as
copula, See だ・1, Dialect: Kansai-ben
3. be, is
Interjection, punctuational exclamation in haiku, renga, etc.
4. o, oh
interjection expressing surprise
5. huh, what
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理想, りそう
May take 'no', See 現実
ideal, ideals
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Particle, prohibitive; used with dictionary form verb
1. don't
imperative (from なさい); used with -masu stem of verb
2. do
Interjection, See なあ
3. hey, listen, you
when seeking confirmation, for emphasis, etc.; used at sentence end
4. now, ..., well, ..., I tell you!, you know
used to express admiration, emotionality, etc.; used at sentence end
5. wow, ooh
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こと, 事, 縡, こん
Usually in kana
1. thing, matter
2. incident, occurrence, event, something serious, trouble, crisis
3. circumstances, situation, state of affairs
4. work, business, affair
5. after an inflectable word, creates a noun phrase indicating something the speaker does not feel close to
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, 箏, 筝, こと, そう
1. koto (13-stringed Japanese zither)
Only こと, Archaism
2. stringed instrument
Only 箏, Only 筝
3. zheng (Chinese zither), guzheng
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古都, こと
ancient city, former capital
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, 殊, こと, け
Only こと, NA-adjective, Noun, used as a prefix, Archaism
1. difference (from one another), different thing, other
2. unusual, extraordinary
糊塗, こと
Takes suru
patching up (e.g. a failure), covering up (e.g. a mistake), glossing over
Particle, particle always used at sentence-end
1. particle indicating a command
Female term or language, often as ことね
2. particle indicating mild enthusiasm
3. particle indicating a gentle interrogative
at sentence end as ことよ
4. particle used to soften a judgment or conclusion
, げん, こと
word, remark, statement
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, 若, ごと, こと, もころ
Adverb, See 如し
like, similar to, same as
copula, See である, See です, plain copula
1. be, is
Auxiliary verb, See た・1, た after certain verb forms; indicates past or completed action
2. did, (have) done
See た・2, indicates light imperative
3. please, do
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