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, , ,
Only な, Particle, prohibitive; used with dictionary form verb
1. don't
imperative (from なさい); used with -masu stem of verb
2. do
Interjection, used to get someone's attention or press one's point
3. hey, listen, look, say
when seeking confirmation, for emphasis, etc.; used at sentence end
4. now, ..., well, ..., I tell you!, you know
used to express admiration, emotionality, etc.; used at sentence end
5. wow, ooh
See more > common
こと, 事, 縡, こん
Usually in kana
1. thing, matter
2. incident, occurrence, event, something serious, trouble, crisis
3. circumstances, situation, state of affairs
4. work, business, affair
5. after an inflectable word, creates a noun phrase indicating something the speaker does not feel close to
See more > common
, 箏, 筝, こと, そう
1. koto (13-stringed Japanese zither)
Only こと, Archaism
2. stringed instrument
Only 箏, Only 筝
3. zheng (Chinese zither), guzheng
See more > common
古都, こと
ancient city, former capital
See more > common
, 殊, こと, け
Only こと, NA-adjective, Noun, used as a prefix, Archaism
1. difference (from one another), different thing, other
2. unusual, extraordinary
糊塗, こと
Takes suru, Transitive
patching up (e.g. a failure), covering up (e.g. a mistake), glossing over
Particle, particle always used at sentence-end
1. particle indicating a command
Female term or language, often as ことね
2. particle indicating mild enthusiasm
3. particle indicating a gentle interrogative
at sentence end as ことよ
4. particle used to soften a judgment or conclusion
, げん, こと
word, remark, statement
See more > common
, 若, ごと, こと, もころ
Adverb, See 如し
like, similar to, same as
1. too, also, in addition, as well, (not) either (in a negative sentence)
as AもBも
2. both A and B, A as well as B, neither A nor B (in a negative sentence)
used for emphasis or to express absence of doubt regarding a quantity, etc.
3. even, as much as, as many as, as far as, as long as, no less than, no fewer than
often as 〜ても, 〜でも, 〜とも, etc.
4. even if, even though, although, in spite of
Adverb, See もう・3, Colloquialism
5. further, more, again, another, the other
See more > common
ある, 有る, 在る
Godan verb, Intransitive, See 居る・いる・1, Usually in kana, usu. of inanimate objects
1. to be, to exist, to live
2. to have
3. to be located
4. to be equipped with
5. to happen, to come about
See more > common
ある, 或る, 或
Pre-noun adjectival (rentaishi), Usually in kana
a certain ..., some ...
See more > common
Particle, See 乃, occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之
1. indicates possessive
2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
See が・1
3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
often ん
4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion
Female term or language
5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
See more > common
でしょう, でしょ
Expression, See だろう・1, Polite, conjectural form of polite copula です; でしょ is less polite
1. it seems, I think, I guess, I wonder
2. right?, don't you agree?
See more > common
, , ,
Particle, at sentence end; used as a request for confirmation or agreement
1. right?, isn't it?, doesn't it?, don't you?, don't you think?
2. hey, say, listen, look, come on
at sentence end; used to express one's thoughts or feelings
3. you know, you see, I must say, I should think
at sentence end; used to make an informal request
4. will you?, please
at the end of a non-final clause; used to draw the listener's attention to something
5. so, ..., well, ..., you understand?
See more > common
, , ,
Expression, See 無い・1, Colloquialism
nonexistent, not being (there), not having