I know him but we've never met.
(location marker, time marker, direction marker)
There's a dog in that car.
How much is a postcard?
by means of, by, [action] at a place
I came by car.
Isn't this nice!
There is a television in the kitchen.
The 'copula' : expresses conditions. X is Y.
A bit cold
What will you have?
'object marker' (also shown as 'o') 目的
That [←marked by object marker] please.
Opening hours are 9am to 5pm.
to begin/start VERB-ing
I started reading yesterday.
Is your * husband * well?
'topic marker' (also shown as 'wa')
X wa Y desu : X is Y
to, from (indirect object marker)
I was given this by my mother.
why?, what for?
Why didn't you come?
I'd like to make it easier to use but still not use frames.
Fred's car. / Dixon of Dock Green
(with -ve) neither ... nor , also not, either
That isn't mine either.
indicates direction of verb. Also pronounced 'e'
I will go abroad next year.
? (basic question particle)
Is this your book?
It rained, but everybody enjoyed themselves.
"I went to school without eating breakfast."
I want to (verb)
netai: I want to sleep
One's intention; conviction; belief
I intend to do that; I am convinced that ...
But now things have changed a lot.
Various; various colors
There are various types of wine and the way they are matured varies accordingly.