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The Japanese grammar content is from jgram.org licensed CC BY-SA 2.0.
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Informal Imperative (request form)
Sit down.
and etc.
and so on
place, time, occasion
I wonder.. (Based on か question particle.)
I wonder if he'll be here soon?
with effort
I took the trouble to go and see him, but he wasn't there
! (exclamation mark, add emphasis, denote new information being imparted)
The bus is coming!
? (for casual questions)
Who's it?
Vm, wanting to do ___
I want to see a Bond movie!
to the extent of; to the extent that ~; (not as) ~ as ~ ; about [REL. bakari; kurai]
(Lit, I'm not strong as Lenz's extent. (=I'm not as strong as Lenz))
て形+ある (て在る・て有る), ~てある
Vte something has been purposely put into a state
The window has been closed.
area passed through (通過点)
I walked through the park.
to affect the senses (to taste, to smell of, to feel like, to give the sensation of etc.)
This room smells of gas.
Try to do something, but the nuance is that it was unsuccessful.
I tried to kiss her, but she said no.
て形+みる (て見る), てみる
to try (out)
try to read
(marks point of departure) 出発点
I left the room.
て形+くる (て来る), てくる
Vte go, do something, and return
I'll go buy the newspaper (and come back)
appearance, looks, seems
A sound like rain falling
To be, is (formal equivalent of だ [da])
-方, -かた
how to _____, way to _____,
teach me how to write this kanji
ほとんど (殆・殆ど)
most of / rarely
I ate most of it. I rarely read.
(particle used with na-adjectives)
What a strange man!
しまう (仕舞う・終う・了う)
Vte, (Definitely, completely [often to ones regret] do V)
Now you've gone and broke it.
A voluntary action stopped just before being completed
I was about to go out when the phone rang.
出す、出して、出した, だす、だして、だした
to pay, to place, to issue, to stick out, to put forth, to serve
to pay, to place, to issue, to stick out, to put forth, to serve
気になる, きになる
thinking about, concerned about, worried about
I was worried about my father's health.
more ____
Don't you know a better method?
i went without eating
To decide on, to choose
Let's make it Sunday.
て形+いる (て居る), ~ている
Vte (Continuing states, experience, repetative events)/ doing currently
The window is open.
it has been decided/arranged that
It has been decided that I will work in Tokyo
Used much like the な of na-adjectives - somewhat archaic.
With my sacred sword I shall smite thee!
Can`t possibly
There is so much (food) that I can`t possibly eat it all
without a coat on
must ____; really should _____; it won't do if you don't ____.
You must use the large envelope.
by __[day, date, time, etc.]__
Turn in the report by Friday.
予定, よてい
be planning to do~
i am planning to go back to my country at the end of june
absolutely, surely, by all means, no matter what, at any cost; after all
No matter what I did, Tom wouldn't do what I told him.
Decide to do something
I have decided to go to Japan this year.
ということですね (と云う事ですね)
your message is that ...
you are coming to tokyo tomorrow,right?
と同様, とどうよう
the same way as, as well as
~のような (~の様な)
just like, alike to, similar to
Kanojo wa marude tori no you ni tonde imasu = she's flying just like a bird! (tonde imasu= flying, tobimasu- fly)
邪気, じゃき
Malice, bad feeling
Have a bad feeling getting up sick. (Formal)
I wonder if... (A type of question mark)
Is she the ikebana teacher?
筈, はず
believe that it is so; expect that it is so; it is supposed to be so
I expected him to come, but ...
such; this; like this; such.....as this; of this kind
in this way
あまり + 動詞(否定形), あまり~ない
not very, not much
When used with negative verbs, [amari + v-nai] = [not very much v]
to; for
For foreigners, natto is hard to eat.
て形+はいけない (ては行け無い), てはいけない
you shouldn't, one should not
美術館で写真を撮ってはいけない。/You shouldn't take picture in the museum.
が欲しい, がほしい
N, to want something (desirative)
I want a car.
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The words and kanji on this web site come from the amazing dictionary files JMDict, EDICT and KANJIDIC. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group , and are used in conformance with the Group's licence. The example sentences come from the projects Tatoeba and Tanaka Corpus. Kanji search by radicals is based on the Kradfile2 and Kradfile-u files containing radical decomposition of 13108 Japanese characters. Many thanks to all the people involved in those projects!