I know him but we've never met.
(location marker, time marker, direction marker)
There's a dog in that car.
How much is a postcard?
by means of, by, [action] at a place
I came by car.
Isn't this nice!
There is a television in the kitchen.
The 'copula' : expresses conditions. X is Y.
A bit cold
What will you have?
'object marker' (also shown as 'o') 目的
That [←marked by object marker] please.
Opening hours are 9am to 5pm.
to begin/start VERB-ing
I started reading yesterday.
Is your * husband * well?
'topic marker' (also shown as 'wa')
X wa Y desu : X is Y
to, from (indirect object marker)
I was given this by my mother.
why?, what for?
Why didn't you come?
I'd like to make it easier to use but still not use frames.
Fred's car. / Dixon of Dock Green
(with -ve) neither ... nor , also not, either
That isn't mine either.
indicates direction of verb. Also pronounced 'e'
I will go abroad next year.
? (basic question particle)
Is this your book?
It rained, but everybody enjoyed themselves.
"I went to school without eating breakfast."
I want to (verb)
netai: I want to sleep
One's intention; conviction; belief
I intend to do that; I am convinced that ...
But now things have changed a lot.
Various; various colors
There are various types of wine and the way they are matured varies accordingly.
when i was in japan
before going to the UK
against, contrary to
contrary to expectations
but, although (contrast, surprising)
It's summer but it's cold.
just (just recently) / nothing but
I just bought it / you do nothing but play around
is, would be, probably is; isn't it?
I guess it will rain today
of all the ... / especially / only / just
our child of all children / especially our child
if, when (verb form)
When I wake up
で・に・前, で・に・ まえ (de - ni -mae)
time and place prepositions at in on
On Friday at 3pm
? (sentence ending particle - question) [F]
What is it you don't get?
meaning; reason; circumstances
And by that reasoning ...
to give me, to do for me, I was given
The teacher gave me a book to help me in my studies. // Would you please write this in Kanji for me?
I heard from Tom you want to move
It doesn't matter whether it's finished (lit. or not)
too; too much; excessively
This problem is too difficult for me
([verb]-te, connects two sentences)
I'm going to the book shop to buy it.
If you go, you'll understand.
If it's from outside, I don't mind.
たり する form, V stem+たり
doing things like V+ing
Yesterday I did things like watching tv and playing video games.