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Godan verb with 'ru' ending
intransitive verb
Usually written using kana alone
Humble (kenjougo) language
to be (animate), to be, to existêtre (êtres animés), exister

Godan verb with 'ru' ending
Auxiliary verb
(after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing)

See also: やがる
(after -masu base of verb) indicates contempt or disdain for another's actionssein

ON: キョ, コKUN: い.る, -い, お.る
reside, to be, exist, live with

Conjugated forms
Example sentences
民主主義に対する信頼をなくした者もいる。Parts: 民主主義 (みんしゅしゅぎ), に対する (にたいする), 信頼 (しんらい), 無くす (なくす), (もの), 居る (いる)Some have lost faith in democracy.

映画に行くのと家にいるのとどっちがいい。Parts: 映画 (えいが), 行く (いく), (いえ), 居る (いる), 何方 (どちら), 良い (よい)Which would you rather do, go to the cinema or stay at home?
Which would you rather do, go to a movie or stay at home?

すっかり食べ終わってはいない。Parts: すっかり, 食べる (たべる), 終わる (おわる), 居る (いる)I haven't quite finished eating.

おかげで元気にしております。Parts: お陰で (おかげで), 元気 (げんき), 居る (おる)They're all fine, thank you.

「私の後から来る方は私に優る方である。私より先におられたからである。」といったのはこの方の事です。Parts: (わたし), (あと), から, 来る (くる), (かた), (わたし), 勝る (まさる), (かた), である, (わたし), より, (さき), 居る (おる), から, である, 言う (いう), この方 (このかた), (こと)This was he of whom I said, "He who comes after me has surpassed me because he was before me."
C'est lui qui a dit : "Celui qui viendra après moi a été fait mon supérieur, parce qu'il était avant moi".

Community comments
The words and kanji on this web site come from the amazing dictionary files JMDict, EDICT and KANJIDIC. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and are used in conformance with the Group's licence. The example sentences come from the projects Tatoeba and Tanaka Corpus. Kanji search by radicals is based on the Kradfile2 and Kradfile-u files containing radical decomposition of 13108 Japanese characters. Many thanks to all the people involved in those projects!