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Noun (futsuumeishi)
May take the particle 'no'
taking care of one's responsibilities by oneself, one's own efforts, one's own expense

going into business for oneself (selling one's own products), entrepreneur of such a businessEigenfinanzierung, Selbst-Bezahlen, selbständig arbeitende Geisha
ON: ジ, シKUN: みずか.ら, おの.ずから, おの.ずと

ON: ゼンKUN: まえ, -まえ
in front, before

Example sentences
自前で買ったのです。Parts: 自前 (じまえ), 買う (かう), のだ (んです)She got it at her own expense.

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