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Ichidan verb
to be temperate in, to refrain, to abstain, to hold back, to restrain oneself from excessive ...prendre des notes, se modérer, se retenir

to make notes, to jot down (e.g. phone number)
to be in preparation for, to be in waiting for
to be soon, to be in the offing
to be in a close relationship (e.g. as a backer, etc.)in Bereitschaft sein, erwarten, warten, daneben stehen, gleich daneben sein, stillhalten, kontrollieren, im Zaum halten, sich zurückhalten, mäßig betreiben, aufgeben, notieren, aufzeichnen, nach links lenken (ein japanisches Schiff), ziehen
ON: コウKUN: ひか.える, ひか.え
withdraw, draw in, hold back, refrain from, be moderate

ON: コウKUN: たた.く, ひか.える
knock, strike, rap, tap, button

Conjugated forms
Example sentences
彼女は入試を控えて神経質になった。Parts: 彼女 (かのじょ), 入試 (にゅうし), 控える (ひかえる), 神経質 (しんけいしつ), になるShe was nervous before the entrance exam.

先生は生徒たちにそれらの単語をノートに控えておくよう指示した。Parts: 先生 (せんせい), 生徒 (せいと), (たち), 其れ等 (それら), 単語 (たんご), ノート, 控える (ひかえる), 置く (おく), (よう), 命じる (めいじる)The teacher told the pupils to put those words down in their notebooks.
Der Lehrer wies seine Schüler an, diese Wörter in ihr Heft zu schreiben.

あの小売店のバックにはもっと大きな会社がひかえています。Parts: 彼の (あの), 小売店 (こうりてん), バック, には, もっと, 大きな (おおきな), 会社 (かいしゃ), 控える (ひかえる)The small retail outlet is only a front for a much larger entity.

あなたは喫煙をひかえるべきです。Parts: 貴方 (あなた), 喫煙 (きつえん), 控える (ひかえる), 可き (べき)You should refrain from smoking.

Community comments
The words and kanji on this web site come from the amazing dictionary files JMDict, EDICT and KANJIDIC. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and are used in conformance with the Group's licence. The example sentences come from the projects Tatoeba and Tanaka Corpus. Kanji search by radicals is based on the Kradfile2 and Kradfile-u files containing radical decomposition of 13108 Japanese characters. Many thanks to all the people involved in those projects!