TAKOBOTO

Japanese dictionary & Nihongo learning tool. Use it online here or download an offline app
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, した
1. below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter)
2. bottom
3. beneath, underneath
as 下から, 下より, etc.
4. just after, right after
May take 'no'
5. inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior)
下に署名してください。
, 許, もと
often のもとに or のもとで
1. under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.)
2. under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath
in the form ...のもとに
3. with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of)
See 元・5, usu. written 元
4. (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
下に署名してください。
, げ
1. lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority
See 下巻, Antonym: 上・じょう・3
2. second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
下に署名してください。
, しも
Antonym: 上・かみ・1
1. lower reaches (of a river)
2. bottom, lower part
3. lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses
4. end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan)
May take 'no'
5. dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
下に署名してください。
, か
Suffix, May take 'no'
under (being in said condition or environment)
下に署名してください。
ください, さい
Expression, Usually in kana, Honorific or respectful
1. please (give me)
after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-
2. please (do for me)
あなたの切手帳を見せてください。
, 已, いか, いげ
1. not exceeding, and downward, ... and below
2. below (e.g. standard), under (e.g. a level)
3. the below-mentioned, the following, the rest
君の要約は平均以下だね。
くださる, さる
Godan verb, Honorific or respectful, Usually in kana
1. to give, to confer, to bestow
2. to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
もう一度言ってくださいますか。
, ていか
Takes suru
fall, decline, lowering, deterioration, degradation
たしかに出生率の低下で子供の数が減り、学校でも生徒の数が少なくなっているのは事実ですが、しかし、これはまったくもってけっこうなことです。
がる, , さがる
Godan verb, Intransitive, Antonym: 上がる・1
1. to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower
2. to hang, to dangle
3. to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire
4. to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded
5. to get closer to the present day
ランプは天井から下がっていた。
引き, 引, ひきさげ
reduction, cut
公定歩合の引き下げは産業界を苦しめてきた厳しい金融逼迫を緩和するだろうと期待されている。
げる, さげる
Ichidan verb, Transitive
1. to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration)
2. to lower, to reduce, to bring down
3. to demote, to move back, to pull back
4. to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
ラジオの音を下げてくれませんか。
, げしゃ
Takes suru, See 降車・こうしゃ, Antonym: 乗車・じょうしゃ
alighting (from a train, bus, etc.), getting off, getting out (of a car)
私は駅を間違えて下車しました。
, ちか
May take 'no'
1. basement, cellar, underground place
Prefix
2. underground, below ground
3. secret, under cover
Colloquialism, Abbreviation
4. underground (railway), subway, metro
彼は地下活動の疑いをかけられた。
回る, したまわる
Godan verb, Transitive, See 上回る
to fall below (esp. figures: profits, unemployment rate, etc.), to be less than, to be lower than, to fall just short of, to be just under
日本の1998年末の金・外貨準備高は689億ドルで、1年前の770億ドルを下回った。
, げらく
Takes suru
depreciation, decline, fall, slump
株式市場は今日、下落した。
, ちかてつ
underground train, subway
地下鉄で行きたいのです。
, かいん
See 上院
lower house, lower legislative chamber
イギリス国会は下院と上院とに分かれている。
, へいか
Pronoun, Noun, used as a suffix, Honorific or respectful
Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
殿, でんか, てんが
Pronoun
your Highness, his Highness, her Highness
, 降す, くだす
Godan verb, Transitive
1. to make a decision, to draw a conclusion
2. to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order
3. to let go down, to lower
See 手を下す・1
4. to do oneself, to do by oneself
5. to beat, to defeat
手の下しようが無い。
引きげる, 引げる, ひきさげる
Ichidan verb, Transitive
to pull down, to lower, to reduce, to withdraw
米国連邦準備銀行は金利を引き下げました。
, じょうげ
1. top and bottom, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, up and down
Takes suru
2. going up and down, rising and falling, fluctuating
3. going and coming back
4. upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
5. first and second volumes
彼は旗を上下に動かした。
, りさげ
Takes suru
decrease in interest rates
, ねさげ
Takes suru
cut in price
あの店では商品を値下げして値段がつけてある。
, さんか, やました, さんげ
foot of a mountain, base of a mountain
, みぎした
May take 'no'
lower right
, げじゅん
Adverbial noun, Temporal noun (jisoumeishi)
last third of a month, 21st to the last day of a month
8月下旬に彼らは繁殖のために長い旅に出発します。
デパ地, デパちか, デパチカ
Colloquialism, Abbreviation
basement of a department store (where foodstuffs are usually sold)
市営地, しえいちかてつ
municipal subway
, ぶか
See 上司, See 目下・めした
subordinate person
主任は部下を意のままに支配している。
, へた, ヘタ
NA-adjective, Antonym: 上手・じょうず・1
1. unskillful, poor, awkward
2. imprudent, untactful
そこでベス下手より登場!
天皇陛, てんのうへいか
His Majesty the Emperor
, かい
May take 'no'
low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
彼は組んだ下位候補者が悪かったので落選しました。
, 降る, くだる
Godan verb, Intransitive
1. to descend, to go down, to come down
2. to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.)
3. to pass (of time)
4. to surrender, to capitulate
often in neg. form
5. to be less than, to be inferior to
山を下ったところに学校がある。
, 提げ, 垂げ, さげ
Antonym: 上げ・2
1. lowering, sinking, bringing down, letting down
2. depreciation, price fall
See 落語
3. punch line (of a rakugo story)
See 下げ緒, Abbreviation, Archaism
4. sword strap
, 上, かみしも
1. samurai costume, old ceremonial costume
Only 上下, orig. meaning
2. top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
The words and kanji on this web site come from the amazing dictionary files JMDict, EDICT and KANJIDIC. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group , and are used in conformance with the Group's licence. The example sentences come from the projects Tatoeba and Tanaka Corpus. Kanji search by radicals is based on the Kradfile2 and Kradfile-u files containing radical decomposition of 13108 Japanese characters. Many thanks to all the people involved in those projects!