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, した
1. below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter)
2. bottom
3. beneath, underneath
as 下から, 下より, etc.
4. just after, right after
May take 'no'
5. inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior)
, 許, もと
often のもとに or のもとで
1. under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.)
2. under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath
in the form ...のもとに
3. with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of)
See 元・5, usu. written 元
4. (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
, げ
1. lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority
See 下巻, Antonym: 上・じょう・3
2. second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
, しも
Antonym: 上・かみ・1
1. lower reaches (of a river)
2. bottom, lower part
3. lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses
4. end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan)
May take 'no'
5. dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
, か
Suffix, May take 'no'
under (being in said condition or environment)
ください, さい
Expression, Usually in kana, Honorific or respectful
1. please (give me)
after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-
2. please (do for me)
, 已, いか, いげ
1. not exceeding, and downward, ... and below
2. below (e.g. standard), under (e.g. a level)
3. the below-mentioned, the following, the rest
くださる, さる
Godan verb, Honorific or respectful, Usually in kana
1. to give, to confer, to bestow
2. to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
, ていか
Takes suru
fall, decline, lowering, deterioration, degradation
がる, , さがる
Godan verb, Intransitive, Antonym: 上がる・1
1. to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower
2. to hang, to dangle
3. to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire
4. to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded
5. to get closer to the present day
引き, 引, ひきさげ
reduction, cut
げる, さげる
Ichidan verb, Transitive
1. to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration)
2. to lower, to reduce, to bring down
3. to demote, to move back, to pull back
4. to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
, げしゃ
Takes suru, See 降車・こうしゃ, Antonym: 乗車・じょうしゃ
alighting (from a train, bus, etc.), getting off, getting out (of a car)
, ちか
May take 'no'
1. basement, cellar, underground place
2. underground, below ground
3. secret, under cover
Colloquialism, Abbreviation
4. underground (railway), subway, metro
回る, したまわる
Godan verb, Transitive, See 上回る
to fall below (esp. figures: profits, unemployment rate, etc.), to be less than, to be lower than, to fall just short of, to be just under
, げらく
Takes suru
depreciation, decline, fall, slump
, ちかてつ
underground train, subway
, かいん
See 上院
lower house, lower legislative chamber
, へいか
Pronoun, Noun, used as a suffix, Honorific or respectful
Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
殿, でんか, てんが
your Highness, his Highness, her Highness
, 降す, くだす
Godan verb, Transitive
1. to make a decision, to draw a conclusion
2. to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order
3. to let go down, to lower
See 手を下す・1
4. to do oneself, to do by oneself
5. to beat, to defeat
引きげる, 引げる, ひきさげる
Ichidan verb, Transitive
to pull down, to lower, to reduce, to withdraw
, じょうげ
1. top and bottom, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, up and down
Takes suru
2. going up and down, rising and falling, fluctuating
3. going and coming back
4. upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
5. first and second volumes
, りさげ
Takes suru
decrease in interest rates
, ねさげ
Takes suru
cut in price
, さんか, やました, さんげ
foot of a mountain, base of a mountain
, みぎした
May take 'no'
lower right
, げじゅん
Adverbial noun, Temporal noun (jisoumeishi)
last third of a month, 21st to the last day of a month
デパ地, デパちか, デパチカ
Colloquialism, Abbreviation
basement of a department store (where foodstuffs are usually sold)
市営地, しえいちかてつ
municipal subway
, ぶか
See 上司, See 目下・めした
subordinate person
, へた, ヘタ
NA-adjective, Antonym: 上手・じょうず・1
1. unskillful, poor, awkward
2. imprudent, untactful
天皇陛, てんのうへいか
His Majesty the Emperor
, かい
May take 'no'
low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
, 降る, くだる
Godan verb, Intransitive
1. to descend, to go down, to come down
2. to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.)
3. to pass (of time)
4. to surrender, to capitulate
often in neg. form
5. to be less than, to be inferior to
, 提げ, 垂げ, さげ
Antonym: 上げ・2
1. lowering, sinking, bringing down, letting down
2. depreciation, price fall
See 落語
3. punch line (of a rakugo story)
See 下げ緒, Abbreviation, Archaism
4. sword strap
, 上, かみしも
1. samurai costume, old ceremonial costume
Only 上下, orig. meaning
2. top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
The words and kanji on this web site come from the amazing dictionary files JMDict, EDICT and KANJIDIC. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group , and are used in conformance with the Group's licence. The example sentences come from the projects Tatoeba and Tanaka Corpus. Kanji search by radicals is based on the Kradfile2 and Kradfile-u files containing radical decomposition of 13108 Japanese characters. Many thanks to all the people involved in those projects!